Forests in the North
The forests of the North are vast. Ned Stark and his sons find the dire wolf pups here, and this forest is also where Theon Greyjoy is chased on horseback by Ramsay Snow, the Bastard of Bolton.
These forests are actually Tollymore Forest Park by the Mourne Mountains in Northern Ireland.
Daenerys Targaryen is held captive by the Dothraki at the beginning of the sixth season. These Dothraki camps were filmed in the arid countryside of Bardenas Reales, in the south of Navarra, in Spain.
To please the Lord of Light, Melisandre burns the Seven Idols of Westeros and chants, "For the night is dark and full of terrors," on Dragonstone beach.
This scene was filmed on the 7-mile-long (11 km) Downhill beach in Northern Ireland.
The House of Greyjoy, the family that rules the Iron Islands, is actually Northern Ireland's Dunluce Castle. (Archaeologists found a settlement by Dunluce Castle in 2015. Click here to see pictures of the excavations.)
House of the Undying
Pyat Pree steals Daenarys Targaryen's dragons, but Daenarys finds them again at the House of the Undying in Qarth. Pyat Pree attempts to bind Daenarys in chains that will hold her for eternity, but the Mother of Dragons commands her dragons to breathe fire, killing Pyat Pree and releasing the captive from her chains.
Minčeta Tower in Dubrovnik, Croatia, served as the location for Daenerys' powerful escape.
Green Gardens of King's Landing
Sansa meets Olenna and Margaery in the beautiful garden of the Red Keep. It's here that Sansa reveals the true nature of Joffrey Baratheon.
The actual location is the Trsteno Arboretum in Croatia, about 20 minutes away from Dubrovnik's Old Town.
In Season 6, Lord Varys walks with Tyrion Lannister through the streets of Meereen, a free city ruled by Daenerys Targaryen. They've come to join Daenerys's small council. This scene was filmed in Peñíscola, a coastal town with a medieval castle in Castellón, Spain.
When Princess Myrcella Baratheon departs King's Landing for Dorne, a royal entourage sees her off. The group includes King Joffrey, Queen Cersei Lannister, Prince Tommen, Tyrion Lannister and Sansa Stark.
Dubrovnik's West Harbor served as the backdrop for this bittersweet scene.
The Long Bridge of Volantis
In the Free City of Volantis, Varys and Tyrion explore the Long Bridge during their mission to free the slaves. Along the way, they see shops with the severed hands of thieves on display to deter potential robbers.
The bridge is actually a Roman bridge in Córdoba, Spain. However, the producers had the bridge lengthened on screen using computer-generated imaging to make it look larger and longer, and to put markets and buildings on top of it.
House Martell rules from Sunspear, the capital of Dorne.
Producers selected the Alcazaba of Almería, a fortified citadel in southern Spain, as the background for this kingdom.
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Laura is the archaeology and Life's Little Mysteries editor at Live Science. She also reports on general science, including paleontology. Her work has appeared in The New York Times, Scholastic, Popular Science and Spectrum, a site on autism research. She has won multiple awards from the Society of Professional Journalists and the Washington Newspaper Publishers Association for her reporting at a weekly newspaper near Seattle. Laura holds a bachelor's degree in English literature and psychology from Washington University in St. Louis and a master's degree in science writing from NYU.