More than 275 million people are dependent on coral reefs for food, coastal protection and livelihoods.
In the Near Threatened status, this is a female Camouflage Grouper (Epinephelus polyphekadion) fat with ripe eggs ready to spawn in a spawning aggregation. These are very vulnerable to fishing.
This Giant Australian Cuttlefish (Sepia apama) is an example of one of more than 1900 species newly recorded on the 2012.1 IUCN Red List.
The Hula Painted Frog (Discoglossus nigriventer), on the Critically Endangered list, was rediscovered this year.
The King Cobra (Ophiophagus Hannah), listed as vulnerable due to loss of habitat and over exploitation for medicinal purposes, is the world's largest venomous snake.
This Candy Cane Ginger (Curcuma rhabdota), listed as vulnerable, is a relative of turmeric.
This Leopard Whipray (Himantura leopard) is a commercially valuable species threatened by extensive habitat degradation and heavy fishing pressures.
The Nolasco Spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura nolascensis) is an example of more than 1900 species newly recorded on the 2012.1 IUCN Red List.
The Two-tailed Pasha (Charaxes jasius) is Least Concern on the European Red List of Butterflies.
The Pink-throated Brilliant (Heliodoxa gularis) is a vulnerable member of the Hummingbird family which is known for its pollination services.