Reference The strong force is one of the four fundamental forces of nature. Learn how it fits into the Standard Model of particle physics.
Reference Visible light is a type of electromagnetic radiation between the infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths, and it can be detected by cells in the human eye.
Reference Electromagnetic radiation is a form of energy that includes radio waves, microwaves, X-rays and gamma rays, as well as visible light.
reference Centrifugal and centripetal are two closely related forces that describe circular motion, but the meanings are often mixed up.
Reference Engineering is the application of science and math to solve problems. Here we explore the different types of engineering.
Reference The first law of thermodynamics states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be transferred from one location to another and converted to and from other forms of energy.
Reference Faraday’s law of induction describes how an electric current produces a magnetic field and, conversely, how a changing magnetic field generates an electric current in a conductor.
Reference The Second Law of Thermodynamics says, in simple terms, entropy always increases. This principle explains, for example, why you can't unscramble an egg.
Reference Thermodynamics is the branch of physics that deals with the relationships between heat and other forms of energy.
Reference According to the third law of thermodynamics, the entropy of a perfect crystal is zero when the temperature of the crystal is equal to absolute zero (0 kelvin).
Reference The zeroth law of thermodynamics states that if two bodies are each in thermal equilibrium with some third body, then they are also in equilibrium with each other.
Reference Humans have invented six devices that combine to make work easier. These six simple machines are the wheel and axle, the lever, the inclined plane, the pulley, the screw and the wedge.
Radio waves help us communicate across close and far distances. They also help us identify otherwise invisible objects in space.
Resistors, inductors and capacitors are basic electrical components that make modern electronics possible.
Gamma rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation. They can be used to treat cancer, and gamma-ray bursts are studied by astronomers.
X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation. One of the most common uses of X-rays is for medical imaging. X-rays are also used in treating cancer and in exploring the cosmos.
Microwaves are a type of electromagnetic radiation, and are useful in communications, radar and cooking.
Newton's laws of motion formalize the description of the motion of massive bodies and how they interact.
Newton's First Law of Motion states, "A body at rest will remain at rest, and a body in motion will remain in motion unless it is acted upon by an external force."
Newton’s Second Law of Motion states, “The force acting on an object is equal to the mass of that object times its acceleration.”
Ultraviolet light is a type of electromagnetic radiation. These high-frequency waves can damage living tissue.