The athletes of the world might currently be competing for titles in Beijing, but it was in northeast China where the battle for world supremacy was played out one century ago.
Plant and animal genes were Gregor Mendel's original focus, his ideas later made sense of our complex human workings, too, kicking off genetics.
He was both a brutal warrior and a symbol of African unity, inviting comparisons to the bloodthirsty but brilliant military leaders of ancient Sparta.
He was a latecomer to the Age of Exploration, but James Cook still managed to put his mark on world history.
Ancient hunters painted the sections of their cave dwellings where singing, humming and music sounded best, a new study suggests.
Like a medieval ATM, one family bankrolled the cultural movement that dragged Europe out of the Dark Ages and into modernity.