Is the longest-lasting civilization China, ancient Egypt or Mesopotamia? Here's a look at the evidence for each of these enduring cultures.
The elaborate leather saddle is dated from between roughly 700 B.C. and 400 B.C. and may be the earliest ever found.
The ancient remains of at least 10 birds have been found at a temple of Isis in the Roman city of Pompeii, indicating that birds were a key feature of worshipping the goddess.
Archaeologists have discovered a 5,400-year-old stone tomb beside a prominent lone mountain in southern Spain, indicating it was a local focus for the prehistoric people of the region.
Archaeologists have found the remains of dozens of people in a roughly 7,000-year-old stone tomb in Oman.
Archaeologists in Hungary have unearthed a 2,000-year-old collection of medical tools, including forceps and scalpels. They think the tools belonged to a physician from the Roman Empire who had traveled beyond its frontiers to treat patients.
An archaeologist using Google Earth has spotted the traces of three Roman military camps in the southern Jordanian desert, prompting a rethink of the region's history.
A bone found in a cave in Alaska and thought to from a bear is actually from a human, casting new light on the genetics of Native American peoples.
A metal detectorist has unearthed two hoards of Viking silver in a field in Denmark, including coins made during the reign of the powerful Danish king Harald Bluetooth.
Ground-penetrating radar has revealed the outline of a Viking ship in a mound in southwest Norway that was once thought to be empty.
The wreck of a Japanese transport ship that sank in 1942 with more than 1,000 Allied prisoners-of-war on board has been discovered near the Philippines.
Archaeologists have discovered the buried remains of a Roman fort along Scotland's ancient Antonine Wall.
Analysis of ancient DNA and grave goods from burials suggest that princesses helped to build a "massive empire" stretching from Kazakhstan to Mongolia.
The silver coins, mainly from the first century B.C., were unearthed in Tuscany in Italy and are hidden relics from a turbulent time in Roman history.
A large temple possibly used by Roman soldiers for hundreds of years has been unearthed by archaeologists in northwest France.
Europe's glaciers and ice patches are an enormous deep freezer for artifacts. Here is a countdown of 25 of the most fascinating objects revealed by Europe's melting ice.
Two silver coins minted in during the Roman Empire have been found on a remote and uninhabited island in the Baltic Sea. Archaeologists have no idea how they got there.
Easter can fall on any Sunday between March 22 and April 25. The date took millennia to standardize for surprisingly complex reasons.
The Viking shields found on the Gokstad ship in 1880 were not strictly ceremonial and may have been used in hand-to-hand combat, according to a new analysis.
A brick tomb from the Jurchen Jin period of northern China was discovered during the renovation of drains in Shanxi province.
Was Stonehenge an ancient solar calendar, as a 2022 study claimed? Not at all, says a new study by two scientists who specialize in ancient astronomy.
The oldest known inscription mentioning the Norse god Odin has been found on a gold pendant in Denmark from the fifth century A.D.
A metal detectorist in Poland looking for tractor parts on a farm discovered a 400-year-old coin hoard instead.
Ice skates made of bone have been unearthed from a Bronze Age tomb in western China, suggesting an ancient technological exchange between the east and west of Eurasia.
Japanese researchers have located the wreck of USS Albacore, one of the most successful U.S. submarines of World War II, off the island of Hokkaido, where the sub sank after hitting a mine in November 1944.