Russia tests anti-satellite missile and the US Space Force is not happy

A Russian Soyuz 2.1v rocket launches a classified military satellite into orbit from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russian on Nov. 25, 2019. The satellite can apparently track other satellites in orbit.
A Russian Soyuz 2.1v rocket launches a classified military satellite into orbit from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russian on Nov. 25, 2019. The satellite can apparently track other satellites in orbit. (Image credit: Roscosmos)

Russia just fired an anti-satellite missile in a test of technology that the U.S. Space Force (opens in new tab) considers a threat to American orbital assets. 

On Wednesday (April 15), Russia conducted a test of its direct-ascent anti-satellite (DA-ASAT) missile system, which is designed to destroy satellites in low Earth orbit. 

This test followed the country's on-orbit test maneuvers of two satellites that "exhibited characteristics of a space weapon," COSMOS 2542 and COSMOS 2543, which the U.S. has been closely following, the U.S. Space Force said in a statement (opens in new tab). In February, the U.S. Space Force spotted these Russian satellites following a U.S. spy satellite, behavior that Space Force commander Gen. John "Jay" Raymond described at the time as "unusual and disturbing." 

Video: Watch Russia launch the two mysterious satellites (opens in new tab)
Related: Declassified US spy satellite photos & designs (opens in new tab) 

The U.S. Space Force also has serious concerns about this recent DA-ASAT missile test. "Russia's DA-ASAT test provides yet another example that the threats to U.S. and allied space systems are real, serious and growing," Raymond said in the statement. "The United States is ready and committed to deterring aggression and defending the nation, our allies and U.S. interests from hostile acts in space."

"This test is further proof of Russia's hypocritical advocacy of outer space arms control proposals designed to restrict the capabilities of the United States while clearly having no intention of halting their counterspace weapons programs," Raymond added. "Space is critical to all nations and our way of life. The demands on space systems continue in this time of crisis where global logistics, transportation and communication are key to defeating the COVID-19 pandemic."

"It is a shared interest and responsibility of all spacefaring nations to create safe, stable and operationally sustainable conditions for space activities, including commercial, civil and national security activities," he said.

After being sworn in as the first Chief of Space Operations by U.S. Vice President Mike Pence, Gen. John Raymond addresses the audience in the Executive Eisenhower Office Building, Washington, D.C., on Jan. 14, 2020.  (Image credit: U.S. Air Force Photo by Andy Morataya)

In February, when the two Russian satellites were seen seemingly "stalking" a U.S. spysat (opens in new tab), it was the first time in history that the U.S. military publicly revealed an identified, direct threat from another country to a U.S. satellite. Yesterday's test, as described by Raymond, is another threat to U.S. space systems and resources in low Earth orbit. 

However, anti-satellite weapons have also posed an indirect threat to U.S. satellites, because orbital debris (opens in new tab), or "space junk," from damaged and destroyed spacecraft could collide with other satellites in orbit. For example, India launched an anti-satellite test in March 2019 (opens in new tab) that created at least 60 large pieces of orbital debris that NASA said could have potentially hit the International Space Station, putting astronauts' lives at risk. 

The Space Force, which was allocated $15.4 billion (opens in new tab) in the Trump administration's 2021 budget proposal, was created in part to protect such resources. Satellites and technology in low Earth orbit have become increasingly more valuable as tech advances and as countries increasingly adopt space technologies for national security purposes. 

This has become especially pertinent for the U.S. as both Russia and China continue to advance their space programs and capabilities in low Earth orbit. Additionally, these actions by Russia could add to political tensions that were already building between Russia and the U.S. because of allegations that Russia interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

In addition, Russian officials continue to trumpet the development of advanced, potentially threatening military technology, including a hypersonic weapon (opens in new tab) and a 100-megaton nuclear torpedo (opens in new tab)

Follow Chelsea Gohd on Twitter @chelsea_gohd. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

OFFER: Save 45% on 'All About Space' 'How it Works' and 'All About History'! (opens in new tab)

OFFER: Save 45% on 'All About Space' 'How it Works' and 'All About History'! (opens in new tab)

For a limited time, you can take out a digital subscription to any of our best-selling science magazines (opens in new tab) for just $2.38 per month, or 45% off the standard price for the first three months.

Space.com

Chelsea Gohd joined Space.com as an intern in the summer of 2018 and returned as a Staff Writer in 2019. After receiving a B.S. in Public Health, she worked as a science communicator at the American Museum of Natural History. Chelsea has written for publications including Scientific American, Discover Magazine Blog, Astronomy Magazine, Live Science, All That is Interesting, AMNH Microbe Mondays blog, The Daily Targum and Roaring Earth. When not writing, reading or following the latest space and science discoveries, Chelsea is writing music, singing, playing guitar and performing with her band Foxanne (@foxannemusic). You can follow her on Twitter @chelsea_gohd. 

  • Goldshadow
    If the Russians have a ounce of brains, they will not go down that path! It's a whole other ball game.
    Reply
  • torenson
    admin said:
    Russia just fired an anti-satellite missile in a test of technology that the U.S. Space Force considers a threat to American orbital assets.

    Russia tests anti-satellite missile and the US Space Force is not happy : Read more
    Reply
  • pappa gone
    when americans did create a space force anyone must not critic this evil action, but when Russia, or China or India try to defend their interests then americans must speak nonsenses? The rest of the world must tell and do something because all the world has interests to defend....... So if americans stop to behave in bullying way all around the world... perhaps also others can think to stop defending their own interests.
    The problem is, when someone talk of "interests", that interests must not ruins interests of others because in this stance the interests became other things... and americans claim every war, false flag, massacres, drone killing, coups in other nations...national interests!!!1
    when there will be a new nuremberg trial? with hundreds of war criminal hanged? (osama, bush, trump, cheeney, clinton, pimpeo, bolton, kissinger etc.etc.etc.etc....)
    Reply