Rabbit-size rats from Eastern Africa are the only mammals on Earth that gain a poison defense from plants.
Biodiversity is a contraction of the phrase "biological diversity," and refers to the variability of life within a species (judged by the variations in its genetic makeup), an ecosystem, a region and even across the planet. The biodiversity of the Amazon, one of the most biodiverse places on Earth, would include the terrestrial species found in the rainforest, the birds that fly in its skies and the aquatic creatures that swim in the Amazon River. But one could also examine the biodiversity of the Amazon River itself. Biodiversity varies widely across the globe, from places of high biodiversity, such as rainforests and coral reefs, and areas of lower biodiversity, such as agricultural fields. High biodiversity is often considered a sign of a healthy ecosystem, and many conservation efforts are aimed preserving biodiversity. Read below for stories on studies of biodiversity.
Researchers examining Leonardo Da Vinci's drawings found a microbiome — a hidden biological signature of their travels across centuries.
Scientists recently documented never-before-seen mating behavior in wrinkle-faced bats, in which males pull a furry flap of skin over their faces.
Tasmanian devils have been reintroduced to mainland Australia, where they haven't been seen in the wild for millennia.
Scary portrayals of great whites in pop culture might lead some people to wonder if the world would be better off with no sharks at all.
Feral cats are driving many Australian species to the brink of extinction, and the government is stepping in.
The Coral Triangle is the most biodiverse ecosystem in the world and is home to a variety of sea creatures, including sharks, colorful corals and vibrant tropical fish.
Scientists are skeptical of a new paper that suggests frozen octopus eggs rode a meteor to Earth 540 million years ago.