The Arctic region of the Earth is defined roughly as the area above 66 degrees north latitude and is largely a vast ocean covered by sea-ice, though that ice is being affected by global warming. The Arctic also includes much of Greenland, which is covered by a massive ice sheet, as well as the frozen tundra of Europe, Asia and North America. It has distinctive plants and animals found only there, such as the polar bear and the Arctic fox. Read below for the latest news and research from and on the Arctic, its ice and the life it supports.
During the winter of 2015-2016 satellites have 'seen' significantly less Arctic ice compared to the long term trend. NASA scientist Walt Meier and LiveScience writer Laura Geggel discuss how climate researchers interpret these data.
For the first time in more than 140 years, humans have laid eyes on doomed ships from the infamous Whaling Disaster of 1871. Here are photos of the shipwrecks that got stuck in Alaskan pack ice.