The gut microbiome of the hunter-gatherer Hadza people is very different from that of Americans, varying with diet and season, and that's likely good for the Hadza ... and bad for Americans.
The mantra to "complete the course" for antibiotics is wrong and possibly dangerous, scientists say.
In the most detailed study to date comparing the muscles of chimps and humans, researchers found that chimps are 1.35 times more powerful than people.
The AMA is taking aim at hospitals with a policy recommendation encouraging healthier food and drink options for patients, visitors and staff.
Scientists find that pain receptors can hide inside cells; but they can still find them and deactivate them, which may lead to better pain medication.
Researchers used a 3D printer to create eye-like structures to help the faces of kids who are missing eyes to grow naturally and symmetrically.
The first robotic surgical technique for the eye brings great precision and safety to a delicate surgery on the retina.
Scientists have found that a gene called TMEM106B controls how fast the brain ages and helps protect against dementia.
The real threat for those with autism is not vaccines but rather the proposed changes to Obamacare, which could reduce services for people with the condition.
Scientists recently regrew sound-sensing "hair cells" in high volumes to test drugs for hearing loss.
While much attention is given to maternal depression, fathers also can get depressed before and after their child's birth, which, in turn, can have negative consequences for the child.
Sleep provides a time for the brain to prune synapses to ensure only the most important information is retained.
Your partner's or roommate's genes have a sizable effect on how your own genes are expressed, according to a study on caged mice.
TB treatments stretch over nine months, so many people don't stick to their meds, and antibiotic resistance develops. But now doctors may have found a way to speed up the treatment.
Modern neuroscience is fairly inept at decoding the workings of the Atari 2600 console, a new study finds.
The visual cortex's highly categorized structure for processing faces compared to other objects is in place at or near birth, a study of infants shows.
Researchers find that a decrease in gray matter in aging brains could explain why older people take fewer risks than younger people.
Inflammation is an essential part of the immune system, but too much of it over time can lead to problems. Now, researchers have found a new way to fight it.