06 January 2014, 08:27 AM ET
Elite Roman families collected wax masks made in the likeness of their male ancestors, but none survive today. Researchers cast models of their own faces to recreate this ancient custom.
06 January 2014, 08:20 AM ET
Elite Roman families stuffed their closets with wax masks made in the likeness of their male ancestors, but none survive today. Researchers cast models of their own faces to recreate this ancient custom.
03 January 2014, 02:15 PM ET
Contrary to earlier belief, even the middle- and lower-class residents of the doomed city of Pompeii had a fairly varied diet, new research suggests.
02 January 2014, 10:03 PM ET
Possibly the first-known mummified erect penis, and other burial anomalies, were not accidents during embalming, but rather deliberate attempts to make the king appear as Osiris, the god of the underworld, in as literal a way as possible.
02 January 2014, 09:56 PM ET
Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh who lived between roughly 1343 and 1323 B.C. Often called the "boy-king" he ascended the throne at around the age of 10. Today he's most famous for his tomb discovered largely intact in the Valley of the Kings.
02 January 2014, 09:56 AM ET
The Neanderthal gene mutation, which had previously gone undetected, could explain why Mexicans and other Latin Americans have a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes as white, non-Hispanics. The finding could uncover new targets for diabetes drugs.
01 January 2014, 12:06 PM ET
A new analysis shows that three scraps of fabric found in Israeli caves had been dyed indigo, purple and crimson — the hues of the rich and regal during the Roman era — using sea snail ink some 2,000 years ago.
31 December 2013, 09:52 AM ET
From King Richard III's final resting place to a hotly disputed squash holding a beheaded royal's blood, here are some of the top archaeology stories of the year.
31 December 2013, 07:56 AM ET
The desire to reflect and start anew each year is an old one, stretching back to civic and spiritual oaths made in Babylonian and Roman times. Today, New Year's resolutions tend to be secular.
31 December 2013, 07:13 AM ET
Using NASA data and new computer simulations, researchers say they've discovered how the sun would have lined up with an Egyptian obelisk and the famed Ara Pacis in ancient Rome.
30 December 2013, 11:25 AM ET
Bones found in the 1980s in an Italian cave and identified as Neanderthal actually belonged to a human, or humans, from the Middle Ages, new research finds. The study highlights the need to reassess old anthropological discoveries.
28 December 2013, 12:16 PM ET
From the possibility that the earliest humans were one species rather than many, to the discovery of the oldest known human DNA, LiveScience reviews what we learned about human origins in 2013.
27 December 2013, 12:39 PM ET
Traces of ancient vineyards that date back 1,000 years were discovered in the terraced fields of a medieval village in Spain, according to a new archaeological study.
23 December 2013, 07:01 PM ET
From one monkey cuddling a kitten to 12 gorgeous jellies, the Royal Society of the U.K. celebrates Christmas with a series of beautiful science illustrations.
23 December 2013, 05:20 PM ET
Metal in ancient shipwrecks has value for both historians and scientists.
23 December 2013, 02:30 PM ET
Christmas, in the religious sense at least, centers on one basic tenet of Christian belief: that Jesus was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born to a virgin mother. But stories of miraculous conception aren't unique to Christianity.
21 December 2013, 07:43 AM ET
Ancient cultures throughout the world have noted and celebrated the shortest day of the year for millennia. Here are six ancient structures that pay tribute to the winter solstice.
21 December 2013, 12:46 AM ET
Michael Barany has been researching the history of modern mathematics in Paris.
20 December 2013, 07:41 PM ET
The Byzantine Empire, also called Byzantium, was the eastern half of the Roman Empire that continued on after the western half of the empire collapsed.
20 December 2013, 11:03 AM ET
The rock panel, depicting spiders possibly trapping insects in their orb web, presents an archaeological mystery: Why did ancient people draw spiders when no other examples are known to exist elsewhere in Egypt or the entire Old World?
20 December 2013, 09:23 AM ET
Archaeologists have discovered a panel containing the only known example of spider rock art in Egypt and, it appears, the entire Old World.
19 December 2013, 02:37 PM ET
First produced in the mid-19th century, commercial Christmas cards have spawned a multimillion-dollar industry. Here's a look at some images that may have filled mailboxes in the Victorian era.
19 December 2013, 12:04 PM ET
The multimillion-dollar Christmas card industry got off to a humble start in London more than 150 years ago.
18 December 2013, 10:22 AM ET
Elves have gone from a race of "hidden folk" in Norse mythology to mischievous troublemakers to snitches for Santa.
18 December 2013, 07:53 AM ET
A piece of the famous Halley's comet likely slammed into Earth in A.D. 536, blasting so much dust into the atmosphere the planet cooled considerably, a new study suggests. This dramatic climate shift is linked to drought and famine around the world.
17 December 2013, 12:16 PM ET
One of the mummies in the crypt, discovered in the monastery of a lost kingdom, is believed to be that of Archbishop Georgios, probably the most powerful religious leader in the kingdom.
17 December 2013, 11:14 AM ET
Lost for decades, the rediscovered diary of Alfred Rosenberg — a chief Nazi ideologue and one of Adolf Hitler's closest confidants — was turned over to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., Tuesday (Dec. 17).
17 December 2013, 09:48 AM ET
The long-missing diary of Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg, a close confidant of Adolf Hitler, was discovered in 2013 after a federal investigation. In December 2013, the papers were turned over to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.
16 December 2013, 06:01 PM ET
Catherine the Great was Russia's longest-ruling female leader.
16 December 2013, 03:02 PM ET
The discovery of a 1.4-million-year-old hand-bone fossil reveals that the modern human ability to make and use complex tools may have originated far earlier than scientists previously thought, researchers say.
16 December 2013, 03:00 PM ET
A remote Polynesian island apparently invented a mixed binary numeral system centuries before mathematician Leibniz, in order to facilitate quick mental math to distribute goods in their trading system.
16 December 2013, 03:00 PM ET
Are modern humans the only species that has ever created graves, tombs and cemeteries? New research suggests the answer is no: Neanderthals also may have intentionally buried their dead.