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Incredibly, 20 Quakes of Magnitude 6 or Greater Rock Japan

(Image credit: NASA Earth Observatory.)

The shaking in Japan didn't end with the country's largest-recorded earthquake.

Some 20 earthquakes of magnitude 6 or greater have rocked Japan since today's massive 8.9-magnitude earthquake struck near Honshu, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The largest aftershock was a magnitude 7.1 quake that struck less than an hour after the main shock.

Nearly 100 earthquakes of magnitude 5 or greater (including the 20 large ones) have also followed the main shock. Each magnitude 5 earthquake is strong enough to knock a chimney down.

The number of aftershocks in Japan is not uncommon for an earthquake of this size, said geologist Eric Geist, of the USGS, at a news conference.

The hits are expected to keep coming, said Tom Broker, also a USGS geologist.

"It's important to note that these aftershocks are going to persist for some time," Broker said in today's news conference. "We're going to be seeing large aftershocks for at least a year."

In February, a 6.6-magnitude aftershock ruptured near Maule, Chile almost a year after what is now the sixth-largest earthquake in recorded history, a magnitude 8.8, hit in the same region.

A magnitude 7.1 aftershock isn't that unusual after an earthquake of this size. Because earthquakes are measured on a logarithmic scale, even an earthquake over magnitude 7 is still hundreds of times smaller than the magnitude 8.9 main event, said Terry Tullis, geologist and professor emeritus at Brown University.

A shallow magnitude 6.2 earthquake recently hit western Honshu. It reportedly was not an aftershock, and it might be related to the main quake but could just as easily be random, Tullis told LiveScience. "It might be that it would have just occurred anyhow. Magnitude 6 earthquakes are pretty common in this part of the world."

Honshu is Japan's largest island and is home to about 100 million people. More than 178 people have been killed, and 584 are missing, since the devastating earthquake struck, according to news reports.

Email OurAmazingPlanet staff writer Brett Israel at Follow him on Twitter @btisrael.

LiveScience senior writer Stephanie Pappas contributed to this report. Follow Stephanie on Twitter @sipappas.

Brett Israel was a staff writer for Live Science with a focus on environmental issues. He holds a bachelor’s degree in biochemistry and molecular biology from The University of Georgia, a master’s degree in journalism from New York University, and has studied doctorate-level biochemistry at Emory University.