What do you do when you run across hundreds of nameless species of beetle in the wilderness of New Guinea?
No, the correct answer is not "run away screaming" — at least if you're a scientist dedicated to discovering the massive diversity of insect life. Instead, researchers from the German Natural History Museum Karlsruhe and the Zoological State Collection in Munich turned to the phone book to label all the new species.
After discovering hundreds of distinct species of weevils (a superfamily of beetles) in the genus Trigonopterus, scientists Alexander Riedel and Michael Balke realized they could spend a lifetime describing and naming them all. So they created a scientific shortcut: sequencing a portion of each weevil's DNA to sort out the different species and taking photographs for the online database Species ID, a Wikipedia-like website for cataloguing biodiversity.
"More than 100 species were brought to the light of science and public attention this way right now — about five times faster than possible with traditional techniques," Riedel said in a statement.
To quickly label the species, the researchers used common family names from the Papua New Guinea phone book. One weevil got the moniker Trigonopterus moreaorum after the common name "Morea."
Naming species after people is not new, with several insects and other organisms being donned with celebrity names; such starstruck species include the horse fly Scaptia (Plinthina) beyonceae, named after pop diva Beyoncé; two newfound lichens and a trapdoor spider species named after President Obama; a Caribbean crustacean donned with Bob Marley's name; and more recently a parasitic wasp with a lethal lifestyle taking its name from assassin Beatrix Kiddo, the heroine played by Uma Thurman in Quentin Tarantino's "Kill Bill" films.
Riedel and colleagues report the discovery of the 101 new weevil species today (March 27) in the journal Zookeys. They discuss their fast track to taxonomy in the journal Frontiers in Zoology.