Slide 1 of 11
Climate change isn't just bad for the planet, it's bad for your health, an abundance of research suggests. Here are five ways climate change can impact health.
Bad for the heartSlide 2 of 11
Bad for the heart
Global warming will likely bring an increase in heat waves. Those could combine with the buildup of pollution , including ozone, a primary component of smog. Studies have shown high levels of pollution are linked to an increase in hospital admissions for cardiac problems.
And a new study found higher temperatures and ozone may act together to worsen heart health . The results show high temperatures in the summer months in a U.S. city are associated with a decrease in heart-rate variability, or how regular the time between heartbeats is, which acts as a measure of how well the heart is working. Low heart-rate variability is associated with an increased risk of death following a heart attack .
Air temperature and ozone may be bad for the heart because they influence the way the automatic nervous system functions. The automatic nervous system is a part of the central nervous system that helps the body adapt to its environment, according to the American Heart Association. It regulates body functions, including the heart's electrical activity and airflow into the lungs.
Higher temperatures may also make the body more sensitive to toxins, such as ozone, researchers say.Slide 3 of 11
More allergiesSlide 4 of 11
Studies show allergies are on the rise in developed countries, including the United States, which could be due, in part, to rising carbon dioxide levels and warming temperatures.
A 2005 study found that plants are flowering earlier in the year, and total pollen production is increasing. A more recent study in Italy found that not only had pollen levels increased in the area, but the populations' sensitivity to pollen had increased as well. While genetics plays a large role in all allergies, a longer and more intense pollen season could exacerbate symptoms.Slide 5 of 11
Extreme eventsSlide 6 of 11
Global warming may bring an increase in extreme events, including heat waves, floods and large storms, which could come with high death tolls.
Heat and drought are amongst the deadliest natural disasters. A study that reviewed weather disasters in the United States since 1980 found the top two killers were heat waves and the drought that comes with them.
And heat waves may be getting worse. A study in 2007 found heat waves in Europe are nearly twice as long as they were 100 years ago. The region was struck with a mega heat wave in 2003 that killed about 70,000 people. Such mega heat waves could increase by a factor of 5 to 10 in the area, a recent study found.Slide 7 of 11
More desertsSlide 8 of 11