Why the East Coast Is Baking

high-pressure dome
The high-pressure dome causing the East Coast heat wave can be seen from space. (Image credit: NOAA/NASA GOES)

The U.S. East Coast is sweating through a lingering heat wave this week. The sweltering heat and humidity have combined to keep temperatures hot even at night. But relief may finally be in sight.

Heat waves are marked by at least three consecutive days of temperatures of at least 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). In New York and Boston, temperatures hit 90 degrees F or hotter Sunday through Wednesday, and are expected to do so again today (July 18). New York has already reached 96 degrees F (36 degrees C) by 1 p.m. EDT today. Baltimore reached a record high of 98 degrees F (37 degrees C) yesterday, the National Weather Service (NWS) said.

Today and Friday are expected to be the hottest days of the Northeast's extended heat wave, according to the NWS' Eastern Region Headquarters.

A giant high-pressure dome in the atmosphere, sitting over the Ohio Valley, is keeping the East Coast hot and humid. The high pressure blocks the jet stream's cooler air from reaching the region and, at the same time, pulls in hot, humid air from the Gulf of Mexico. The high pressure also keeps the skies clear, helping to raise temperatures, as can be seen from space in an image captured by the GOES East satellite.

However, an end is in sight: A cold front will come through starting Friday, bringing relief first to the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes and then finally to the Northeast by Sunday, the NWS said. But the collision between cold and warm air could cause thunderstorms and heavy rainfall in the Appalachians and the Carolinas next week, the NWS said.

Email Becky Oskin or follow her @beckyoskin. Follow us @livescience, Facebook & Google+. Original article on LiveScience.com.

Becky Oskin
Contributing Writer
Becky Oskin covers Earth science, climate change and space, as well as general science topics. Becky was a science reporter at Live Science and The Pasadena Star-News; she has freelanced for New Scientist and the American Institute of Physics. She earned a master's degree in geology from Caltech, a bachelor's degree from Washington State University, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz.