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A woman's risk of breast cancer depends on many things, including her genetics, lifestyle and plain old chance. One out of every eight women today will be diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in her life.
There are many risk factors for breast cancer, including some that are out of a woman's control, such as family history and genetics. But some aspects of a woman's lifestyle also affect her risk. Getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy body weight and avoiding smoking may all lower the risk of breast cancer.
Diet may also affect women's risk of breast cancer, research has shown. While many studies on diet and cancer risk have yielded mixed results, trends in the research suggest that certain foods might truly affect cancer risk.
Here are six foods for which there is relatively good evidence that they affect the risk for certain types of breast cancer, or that they affect risk in some individuals.
High-fat dairySlide 2 of 13
Estrogen in the fat of dairy products may fuel cancers that are hormone related, including cancers of the breast and prostate, research suggests.
In one study of breast cancer patients, women who ate more than one serving daily of high-fat dairy products were about 50 percent more likely to die of breast cancer than other patients. The study was published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in March 2013.
Other studies have suggested that people who consume high amounts of milk and cheese have higher rates of cancer.
Researchers say that the link may be due to estrogen; this hormone is soluble in fat, so it is found in higher concentrations in high-fat dairy than in lower-fat options, such as skim milk. Some types of breast cancer have estrogen receptors and are fueled by estrogen.Slide 3 of 13
Green teaSlide 4 of 13
Green tea may help breast cancer patients fare better in the disease progression, studies have suggested.
It is proposed that green tea helps patients by limiting the growth of the tumor. Chemicals in green tea called polyphenols appear to inhibit proteins that promote tumor cell growth and migration, according to experimental studies in animals.Slide 5 of 13
Folate and folic acidSlide 6 of 13
Folate and folic acid
A diet rich on folate and folic acid, which are forms of a B vitamin, may be beneficial when it comes to breast cancer, some studies have shown.
A study on postmenopausal women found that those who took a lot of folate supplements were 22 percent less likely to have breast cancer, compared with those with very low folate intake.
Folate may be protective, particularly against estrogen-receptor-negative types of breast cancer, the researchers concluded in their article, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in December 2008.Slide 7 of 13
SoySlide 8 of 13