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100 Most Threatened Species

Sumatran rhino
The Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is threatened by hunting for its horn, which is used in traditional medicine. There are fewer than 250 individuals left in the wild.
(Image: © Copyright Save the Rhino International)

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature's Species Survival Commission has issued its first ever list of what it considers the 100 most threatened species of animals, plants and fungi on the planet. The full list is below, including the scientific and common names (if one exists) of each species:

Scientific NameCommon Name
Abies beshanzuensisBaishan Fir
Actinote zikani
Aipysurus foliosquamaLeaf scaled sea-snake
Amanipodagrion gilliesiAmani Flatwing
Antilophia bokermanniAraripe Manakin
Antisolabis seychellensisSeychelles earwig
Aphanius transgrediens
Aproteles bulmeraeBulmer's Fruit Bat
Ardea insignisWhite bellied heron
Ardeotis nigricepsGreat Indian Bustard
Astrochelys yniphoraPloughshare tortoise / angonoka
Atelopus baliosRio pescado stubfoot toad
Aythya innotataMadagascar Pochard
Azurina eupalamaGalapagos damsel fish
Bahaba taipingensisGiant yellow croaker
Batagur baskaCommon Batagur/ Four-toed terrapin
Bazzania bhutanica
Beatragus hunteriHirola
Bombus frankliniFranklin's Bumble Bee
Brachyteles hypoxanthusNorthern muriqui
Bradypus pygmaeusPygmy sloth
Callitriche pulchra
Calumma tarzanTarzan's chameleon
Cavia intermediaSanta Catarina's guinea pig
Cercopithecus rolowayRoloway Guenon
Coleura seychellensisSeychelles sheath-tailed bat
Cryptomyces maximus
Cryptotis nelsoniNelson's small-eared shrew
Cyclura colleiJamaican iguana
Dendrophylax fawcettiiCayman islands ghost orchid
Dicerorhinus sumatrensisSumatran rhino
Diomedea amsterdamensisAmsterdam Island albatross
Diospyros katendei
Dipterocarpus lamellatus
Discoglossus nigriventerHula painted frog
Discorea strydomianaWild Yam
Dombeya mauritiana
Elaeocarpus bojeri
Eleutherodactylus glanduliferLa Hotte Glanded Frog
Eleutherodactylus thorectesMacaya Breast-spot frog
Eriosyce chilensisChilenito
Erythrina schliebeniicoral tree
Euphorbia tanaensis
Eurynorhynchus pygmeusSpoon-billed sandpiper
Ficus katendei
Geronticus eremitaNorthern Bald Ibis
Gigasiphon macrosiphon
Gocea ohridana
Heleophryne roseiTable Mountain ghost frog
Hemicycla paeteliana
Heteromirafra sidamoensisLiben Lark
Hibiscadelphus woodii
Hucho perryi (Parahucho perryi)Sakhalin taimen
Johora singaporensisSingapore Freshwater Crab
Lathyrus belinensis
Leiopelma archeyiArchey's frog
Lithobates sevosusDusky gopher frog
Lophura edwardsiEdward's pheasant
Magnolia wolfii
Margaritifera marocana
Moominia willii
Natalus primusCuban greater funnel eared bat
Nepenthes attenboroughiiAttenborough's Pitcher Plant
Neurergus kaiseriLuristan newt
Nomascus hainanusHainan Gibbon
Oreocnemis phoenixMulanje Red Damsel
Pangasius sanitwongseiPangasid catfish
Parides burchellanus
Phocoena sinusVaquita
Picea neoveitchii
Pinus squamataQiaojia Pine
Poecilotheria metallicaPeacock Parachute Spider
Pomarea whitneyiFatuhiva monarch
Pristis pristisCommon Sawfish
Prolemur simusGreater bamboo lemur
Propithecus candidusSilky Sifaka
Psammobates geometricusGeometric tortoise
Pseudoryx nghetinhensisSaola
Psiadia cataractae
Psorodonotus ebneriBeydaglari Bush-cricket
Rafetus swinhoeiRed River giant softshell turtle
Rhinoceros sondaicusJavan rhino
Rhinopithecus avunculusTonkin snub-nosed monkey
Rhizanthella gardneriWest Australian underground Orchid
Rhynchocyon spp.Boni Giant Sengi
Risiocnemis seidenschwarziCebu frill-wing
Rosa arabica
Salanoia durrelliDurrell's Vontsira
Santamartamys rufodorsalisRed-crested tree rat
Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnisRed-finned blue eye
Squatina squatinaAngel shark
Sterna bernsteiniChinese crested tern
Syngnathus watermeyeriEstuarine Pipefish (River Pipefish)
Tahina spectabilisSuicide Palm
Telmatobufo bullockiBullock’s false toad
Tokudaia muenninkiOkinawa Spiny Rat
Trigonostigma somphongsiSomphongs's rasbora
Valencia letourneuxi
Voanioala gerardiiForest Coconut
Zaglossus attenboroughiAttenborough's Echidna