Two male southern elephant seals clash over a harem. This photograph won the behavioral and physiological ecology category in the BMC Ecology photography contest of 2013.
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Butterfly and Wasp
Credit: Michael Siva-Jothy
This photo took first prize in the BMC Ecology Community, Population and Marcoecology category. A Polistine wasp approaches a Scarce swallowtail butterfly, which is in turn approaching a Scabius flower.
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Why Did the Tortoise Cross the Road?
Credit: Hara Woltz
The winning BMC Ecology photograph for the Conservation Ecology and Biodiversity Research category. A Galapagos tortoise on a human road on Santa Cruz Island.
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Credit: Raf Aerts
A peak into a scientist's notebook during a survey of secondary old-growth forest in Peru won Editor's Pick in the BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Credit: Yulin Jia
The winning photo in the 2013 BMC Ecology Landscape Ecology and Ecosystems category. Rice paddies in Yuanyang, China.
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Credit: Benjamin Blonder
The overall runner-up in the 2013 BMC photo competition depicts a subalpine flower meadow in Colorado.
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BMC Ecology Winner
Credit: Moritz Muschick
The stick insect Timema poppensis moves into camouflage position on a redwood tree (Sequoia sempervirens) in the winning image in the 2013 BMC Ecology photography contest.
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Credit: Daniel Wisbech Carstensen (Instituto de Biociências, Brazil).
BMC Ecology also chose 19 "highly commended" images, including this insect Vellozia flower in Serra do Cipó, Brazil”
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Credit: David W. Inouye
A male Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus), visits a scarlet gilia (Ipomopsis aggregata) flower at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory in Colorado. This photo was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Credit: Ong Poh Teck (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)
Blowflies surround a Bulbophyllum lasianthum orchid, which attracts the flies with the smell of rotting meat. This photo was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Credit: Benjamin Blonder (University of Arizona)
A hoverfly doing what it does best (hovering) was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Credit: Sylvain Dubey (University of Lausanne)
Communication in bulldog ants (Myrmecia nigriscapa) in Sydney, Australia, a 2013 BMC Ecology highly commended photo.
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Credit: Thomas Jensen (Medical Prognosis Institute, Denmark)
Two frogs jump for their lives as a duck hops up on the rock where they were resting in this BMC Ecology commended photo.
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Credit: Yitzchak Ben Mocha (Tel Aviv University)
Arabian babbler (Turdoides squamiceps) group preening in front of a neighboring group during a border confrontation.
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Credit: Michael Siva-Jothy (University of Sheffield).
“This cricket was singing at dusk at the edge of secondary forest in Borneo. He had crawled into the natural funnel of a ginger plant which was being used to amplify the sound of the song," photographer Michael Siva-Jothy said of this photo, which was highly commended by BMC Ecology.
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Credit: Maristella D'Addario (University of Rome)
This BMC Ecology commended photo shows a small crab,Planes minutus (Columbus crab), living on an individual of Caretta caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle).
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Credit: György Csóka (Forest Research Institute Hungary)
The caterpillar of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar killed by the parasitic wasp Glyptapantheles liparidis. The wasp lays eggs in the caterpillar, and its larvae develop inside, killing the unfortunate creature.
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Credit: Miguel Cabanellas (Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies).
A European squid (Loligo vulgaris) squeezes its prey, a bream (Sparus aurata) in its arms. This photo was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Pretty in Purple
Credit: Anne Ebeling (University of Jena).
The photo "Multitrophic interactions in action" was highly commended by the journal BMC Ecology.
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Credit: Matteo Lattuada (University of Antwerp)
A bird perches on a jawbone in this 2013 BMC Ecology commended photo. "People are trying to create reserves and refugees for animals. But the encroachment due to sprawling of cities highlights the problem of saving either one or another species, because in a restricted area often it is not possible to conserve all the species occurring inside," said photographer Matteo Lattuada.
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Credit: Raf Aerts (Univeristy of Leuven).
"During a field mission to Ethiopia, I gave an introduction to gradient analysis for researchers at Jimma University, with whom we investigate the effects of coffee cultivation on the diversity and community structure of epiphytic orchids, birds and trees in evergreen moist Afromontane forests," said photographer Raf Aerts of the University of Leuven.
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Credit: Benjamin Blonder (University of Arizona).
The tropical tree Ceiba pentandra, otherwise known as Kapok. This is a rare large individual in a lowland tropical forest and was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Credit: Hara Woltz (Columbia University).
A flock of decoy Northern Gannets on the North Island of New Zealand. Ecologists are trying to re-establish real gannets by setting up these fake flocks and playing gannet calls through solar-powered speakers. This photo was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
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Credit: Benjamin Blonder (University of Arizona)
Researchers carry vegetation survey equipment to a forest dynamics plot in Puerto Rico.
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Credit: Bruce Anderson (University of Stellenbosch)
A dinoflagellate (plankton) bloom turns the tide luminous blue in this "highly commended" 2013 BMC Ecology photo.
This BMC Ecology commended photo illustrates research into the stress of king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus). Researchers fitted a penguin with an external heart rate monitor and compared the pitter-patter of the penguin hearts in parts of the colony disturbed by human presence and parts not disturbed. At the upper right, a heart rate trace shows when a bird's heart rate spiked during capture.