Communication in bulldog ants (Myrmecia nigriscapa) in Sydney, Australia, a 2013 BMC Ecology highly commended photo.
Two frogs jump for their lives as a duck hops up on the rock where they were resting in this BMC Ecology commended photo.
Arabian babbler (Turdoides squamiceps) group preening in front of a neighboring group during a border confrontation.
“This cricket was singing at dusk at the edge of secondary forest in Borneo. He had crawled into the natural funnel of a ginger plant which was being used to amplify the sound of the song," photographer Michael Siva-Jothy said of this photo, which was highly commended by BMC Ecology.
This BMC Ecology commended photo shows a small crab,Planes minutus (Columbus crab), living on an individual of Caretta caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle).
The caterpillar of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar killed by the parasitic wasp Glyptapantheles liparidis. The wasp lays eggs in the caterpillar, and its larvae develop inside, killing the unfortunate creature.
A European squid (Loligo vulgaris) squeezes its prey, a bream (Sparus aurata) in its arms. This photo was highly commended in the 2013 BMC Ecology photo contest.
Pretty in Purple
The photo "Multitrophic interactions in action" was highly commended by the journal BMC Ecology.
A bird perches on a jawbone in this 2013 BMC Ecology commended photo. "People are trying to create reserves and refugees for animals. But the encroachment due to sprawling of cities highlights the problem of saving either one or another species, because in a restricted area often it is not possible to conserve all the species occurring inside," said photographer Matteo Lattuada.
"During a field mission to Ethiopia, I gave an introduction to gradient analysis for researchers at Jimma University, with whom we investigate the effects of coffee cultivation on the diversity and community structure of epiphytic orchids, birds and trees in evergreen moist Afromontane forests," said photographer Raf Aerts of the University of Leuven.