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13 Extremely Strange Animal Feet

Sticky flies

fly

(Image credit: Cultura CreaUve/Alamy)

Flies can easily scurry across surfaces while upside-down, and their secret lies in a special adhesive cocktail that coats their setae — tiny hairs on their feet. A fly's foot comes equipped with two ample adhesive pads called pulvilli, which create a broad surface for gripping wherever the fly is walking. The setae that cover these pads are covered with oils and sugars that form a powerful gluelike substance. In fact, the glue is so strong that the fly must use special claws on its foot to pry itself free whenever it takes a step.

Bipedal lizards

Collared lizard

(Image credit: Shutterstock)

North American collared lizards have back legs that are muscular and powerful, with odd-looking feet that sport toes of different lengths and which branch in different directions. They use their unusual appendages for swift bipedal running, rearing up onto their hind legs and darting with a stride that can measure up to three times the lizards' body length, according to the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. Collared lizards are speedy runners, capable of accelerating to 16 miles per hour (26 km/h), about as fast as a sprinting human, the American Museum of Natural History reported.

Heavy metal snails

Scaly foot snail

(Image credit: Chong Chen, et al./CC 4.0)

Many types of mollusks grow hard shells to protect their soft and squishy bodies. But the most metal of them all is the scaly-foot snail, which lives near hydrothermal vents in the Indian Ocean and uses special bacteria to construct a shell and foot scales out of iron sulfide. The plates on the snail's foot, which resemble layers of chainmail, may help to deflect the venomous barbs of predatory snails that shoot their projectiles into their prey's exposed flesh, Wired reported.

Mindy Weisberger
Mindy Weisberger is a senior writer for Live Science covering general science topics, especially those relating to brains, bodies, and behaviors in humans and other animals — living and extinct. Mindy studied filmmaking at Columbia University; her videos about dinosaurs, biodiversity, human origins, evolution, and astrophysics appear in the American Museum of Natural History, on YouTube, and in museums and science centers worldwide. Follow Mindy on Twitter.