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Lunch on the Wing: Mantises Snack on Birds (Photos)

Death at the feeder

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Kris Okamoto)

Stagmomantis limbata, also known as the Arizona bordered mantis, eating an Allen’s hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) in San Juan Capistrano, California. This mantis species is native to North America, but the study found that 55 percent of birds that fell victim to mantis attacks in North America were caught by invasive mantis species. [Read full story about the bird-eating mantises]

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

A deadly encounter

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Courtesy from 'What's That Bug?'; photographer: Randy Anderson)

A Chinese mantis (Tenodera sinensis) eating a ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) in Biggsville, Illinois. T. sinensis is native to Asia, and was accidentally introduced to the wild in the U.S. in 1896.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

"Truly amazed"

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Courtesy from 'What's That Bug?; photographer: Randy Anderson)

Photographer Randy Anderson captured this image of a Chinese mantis and its ruby-throated hummingbird prey in his garden, sharing it in 2011 on the website What's That Bug? He was "truly amazed" by the sight; though he had seen many butterflies fall prey to mantises, this was the first time he had spied a mantis with a bird in its grasp.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

Multitasking mantis

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Todd Klein)

A female Chinese mantis (Tenodera sinensis) eating an immature male ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) in Clermont, New Jersey, with a courting male on her back.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

A date for dinner

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Todd Klein)

The female Tenodera sinensis mantis feasts on her hummingbird prey, as a male tries to mate with her. A recent study tracking bird predation in mantises found 147 examples worldwide of mantises trapping and eating birds — and all of the mantises were female.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

Impaled, then eaten

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Megan Ralph, Dryad Ranch)

Mantises have been found to scavenge birds that are already dead, according to the new study. Here, an Arizona bordered mantis (Stagmomantis limbata) feasts on an Anna's hummingbird (Calypte anna) in the Sierra foothills, in California. The bird first became impaled on barbed wire, and the mantis was later seen feeding on the carcass.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

A European invader

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Tom Vaughan)

A European mantis (Mantis religiosa) eating a black-chinned hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) in Millwood, Colorado. This mantis species originated in southern Europe, and was accidentally introduced to North America in 1899. Many hummingbirds that fall victim to mantises are caught near hummingbird feeders or flower beds, the study authors found.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.

Hummingbird prey

Bird-eating mantis

(Image credit: Chris McCarthy)

A Chinese mantis (Tenodera sinensis) eating a ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) in Benton Harbor, Michigan. A new study found that ruby-throated hummingbirds were the birds most frequently caught and eaten by various mantis species.

Source: Martin Nyffeler, Michael R. Maxwell, J. V. Remsen, Jr. (2017), Bird predation by praying mantises: a global perspective, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129: 331-344.