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Hillary Clinton made history on June 7 when she became the first woman to claim the presidential nomination of a major political party in the U.S.
To note this historic achievement, Live Science has rounded up some of the famous "firsts" for women in science, technology and medicine.
Read on to learn about seven other history-making women.
Valentina TereshkovaSlide 2 of 15
Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space when she piloted the Soviet mission Vostok 6 on June 16, 1963.
Tereshkova's mission lasted three days, during which she performed various tests on herself to collect data on how the female body reacted to spaceflight.
Sally Ride, who flew on the Challenger space shuttle in 1983, was the first American woman in space.Slide 3 of 15
Marie CurieSlide 4 of 15
Chemist and physicist Marie Curie claims several firsts: In 1903, Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, which was awarded to her for her physics research on radiation. Curie shared the prize with her husband, Pierre Curie, and French physicist Henri Becquerel.
Then, in 1911, Curie won her second Nobel Prize — this time, for her work in chemistry. Curie had discovered two elements: radium and polonium.
Curie is the only woman to have ever won two Nobel Prizes, as well as the only person to have ever won the prize in two different fields. [Marie Curie: Facts & Biography]Slide 5 of 15
Dr. Elizabeth BlackwellSlide 6 of 15
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to earn an M.D. from a medical school in the United States.
Before Blackwell applied to medical school, several physicians told her that such an education was not available to women. She applied to over a dozen schools, and was accepted to Geneva Medical College in New York after the faculty voted on it. Blackwell graduated in 1849 and went on to practice obstetrics and gynecology.
Blackwell's younger sister, Emily, followed in her footsteps, earning her M.D. from Western Reserve University's medical school in Ohio in 1854.Slide 7 of 15
Jacqueline CochranSlide 8 of 15