Biodiversity Threats: Maps of Species Hotspots

Diversity Map

diversity map of birds in the americas

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins)

A map showing the diversity of bird species in North and South America. Yellow and red show areas of more diversity, such as the northern Andes and coastal Brazil.

South American Bird Diversity

bird diversity of south america

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins)

An elevation map showing bird diversity in South America. Red areas are biodiversity hotspots.

Undescribed Orchid

undescribed orchid in tropical rainforest

(Image credit: Stephanie Pimm Lyon)

An undescribed species of orchid of the genus Corybus. About 15 percent of flowering plants are estimated to be found in tropical rainforests.

Deforestation Map

deforestation in brazil

(Image credit: Joe O. Sexton)

Deforestation around the Parakanã Indigenous Reserve in the Brazilian State of Para, near the Represa de Tucuruí reservoir.

Frog Under Threat

poison dart frog

(Image credit: Luiz Mazariegos)

Andinobates cassidyhornae, a poison dart frog only recently described by science. This frog, which lives in the western Andes of Colombia, is typical of endangered species in that is has a small range and its habitat is under threat.

Amphibian Diversity

amphibian diversity worldwide

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins,

Researcher Clinton Jenkins creates maps showing biodiversity across the globe. This maps shows amphibian biodiversity, with red meaning more species present.

Salamander Diversity

salamander biodiversity map

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins,

East Tennessee and western North Carolina are the global center of salamander diversity.

Mammal Diversity

Mammal diversity globally

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins,

Where are the world's mammals? This map shows the biodiversity of mammals, with red indicating the most species.

Primate Diversity

Map of primate diversity

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins,

Primates are most diverse in Africa and South America.

Threatened Mammals

threatened and endangered species Map

(Image credit: Clinton Jenkins,

This map shows the biodiversity of species listed as "threatened" by the IUCN. Red indicates areas with the highest diversity of threatened species.

Stephanie Pappas
Live Science Contributor

Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, covering topics ranging from geoscience to archaeology to the human brain and behavior. She was previously a senior writer for Live Science but is now a freelancer based in Denver, Colorado, and regularly contributes to Scientific American and The Monitor, the monthly magazine of the American Psychological Association. Stephanie received a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.