A map showing the diversity of bird species in North and South America. Yellow and red show areas of more diversity, such as the northern Andes and coastal Brazil.
South American Bird Diversity
An elevation map showing bird diversity in South America. Red areas are biodiversity hotspots.
An undescribed species of orchid of the genus Corybus. About 15 percent of flowering plants are estimated to be found in tropical rainforests.
Deforestation around the Parakanã Indigenous Reserve in the Brazilian State of Para, near the Represa de Tucuruí reservoir.
Frog Under Threat
Andinobates cassidyhornae, a poison dart frog only recently described by science. This frog, which lives in the western Andes of Colombia, is typical of endangered species in that is has a small range and its habitat is under threat.
Researcher Clinton Jenkins creates maps showing biodiversity across the globe. This maps shows amphibian biodiversity, with red meaning more species present.
East Tennessee and western North Carolina are the global center of salamander diversity.
Where are the world's mammals? This map shows the biodiversity of mammals, with red indicating the most species.
Primates are most diverse in Africa and South America.
This map shows the biodiversity of species listed as "threatened" by the IUCN. Red indicates areas with the highest diversity of threatened species.
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Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, covering topics ranging from geoscience to archaeology to the human brain and behavior. She was previously a senior writer for Live Science but is now a freelancer based in Denver, Colorado, and regularly contributes to Scientific American and The Monitor, the monthly magazine of the American Psychological Association. Stephanie received a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.