What's Up for Week 9
OurAmazingPlanet will be taking you on a sight-seeing journey along with the torch week-by-week until the beginning of the Games of the XXX Olympiad, which runs from July 27 through Aug. 12, 2012. For week 9, the torch ventures into the English Channel and past the stunning White Cliffs of Dover.
(See sights along the torch route from last week. Pictured above is Olympic gold medalist former sprinter and torchbearer Michael Johnson holds the Olympic Flame at Stonehenge at the beginning of Day 55 of the London 2012 Olympic Torch Relay.)
Isle of Wight Day 57
When the Normans invaded England they built Carisbrooke Castle at what is now the county town of Newport. The castle is most famous as the place where Charles I was imprisoned when he fled the mainland during the English Civil War.
Queen Victoria built a summer home, Osborne House, at East Cowes, helping to make the Isle of Wight a popular Victorian seaside destination. The rooms of the house where the royal family lived can be toured, along with the extensive grounds.
About half the island is given to the Isle of Wight Area of Outstanding National Beauty. The dramatic sea cliffs of the island, including the famous Needles, three stacks of chalk that jut out of the Channel, offer stunning views.
Channel Islands Day 58
Both islands show evidence of Paleolithic and Neolithic activity, including La Cotte de St Brelade and La Hougue Bie, a passage covered by an earthen mound, on Jersey and TKTK on Guernsey. Much of the early activity on the islands dates from a time when they were not islands but peninsulas still connected to mainland Europe before sea levels rose.
The Vikings invaded the Channel Islands as they did much of Britain and left their mark on place names, including the names of the two main islands. The islands later became part of the Duchy of Normandy and became governed by the same rulers as England after William the Conqueror took possession of England. The islands are the last remnant of the Duchy of Normandy to survive today.
Castle Cornet, a Norman fortification on a tidal island of the harbor of St. Peter's Port, Guernsey, was the last Royalist stronghold to fall in the English Civil War. Elizabeth Castle on Jersey dates from the 16th century and was named after Queen Elizabeth I.
The Channel Islands were also the only part of British Commonwealth to be occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II, and fortifications built by the German army still dot the islands.
High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Day 60
The term "weald" refers to the layer of sandstone over which the landscape is located and which is itself situated between layers of chalk to the north and south. Rivers cut deep, steep-sided valleys into the land that are part of the landscape's character today.
The area was once thickly covered in woodland, but humans have altered the landscape as they moved in. It is still one of the most wooded areas in England though. Trails take visitors through some of the ancient woodlands in the area.
White Cliffs of Dover Day 61
The cliffs get their while color because they are made of chalk. This chalk was once the skeletons of tiny ocean creatures that lived in the shallow sea that overlaid the area about 70 million years ago. When the creatures died, their skeletons sank to the bottom of the sea and formed a white mud that later became the chalk. The cliffs were later pushed up by the tectonic forces that shape the face of the planet.
The layer of chalk can actually also be seen across the channel in France, showing that they were once a continuous feature that was overcut by the English Channel.
There are several cliff-top walks that showcase the spectacular views and unique wildlife in the area, including particular bird and butterfly species.
The National Trust oversees 7 kilometers (about 4.3 miles) of the cliffs and is currently appealing to donors to help it acquire another 1.5 kilometers (1 mile) for preservation.
Canterbury World Heritage Site Day 62
The religious history of the city dates back to 597, when St. Augustine was sent by Pope Gregory the Great to establish a mission and reintroduce Christianity to the island. The cultural heritage of the city was recognized when the Canterbury Cathedral, the ruins of St. Augustine's Abbey and St. Martin's Church, the oldest church in England, were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. St. Martin's was already built when Augustine arrived.
The cathedral showcases the early Gothic and Romanesque architecture and became the most important seat of learning in England in the medieval ages.
Archbishop Thomas Becket was murdered in the cathedral in 1170 and the place subsequently became a major pilgrimage site, as relayed in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.