In photos: The UK's geologic wonders

Lundy Island

Lundy Island

(Image credit: Copyright Steve McAusland)

Lundy, a small island in Bristol Channel, is mostly made of megacrystic granite. This granite was emplaced (when a young igneous rock goes into an older rock) into Devonian Morte Slates during the Eocene epoch about 56 million to 33.9 million years ago, according to the society.

Marble Arch Caves

Marble Arch Caves

(Image credit: Copyright Robert Mulraney)

The Marble Arch Caves are 7 miles (11.5 kilometers) long, making them the longest known cave system in Northern Ireland, the society said.

The Seven Sisters & Beachy Head

Seven Sisters & Beachy Head

(Image credit: Copyright Anna Saich)

Located in East Sussex, England, the cliffs at Seven Sisters & Beachy Head are made out of chalk, according to the society.

Staffa's Explosive History

Staffa's Explosive History

(Image credit: Copyright Louise Squire)

Staffa, an island in the Scotland Hebrides, is made of columnar basalt and "slaggy" basalt that erupted as lava flows during the Paleogene period. Geologists have found ash layers and thin soil layers that suggest the island had both explosive volcanic activity as well as quiet intervening periods, the society reported.

Dramatic Cuillin Hills

Dramatic Cuillin Hills

(Image credit: Copyright Gijs de Reijke)

These hills are one of the United Kingdom's most dramatic mountain ranges. Hikers come to scale the tall, jagged peak of the main Cuillin Ridge (the Black Cuillin) and the rounded eastern hills of the Red Cuillin, the society said. The hills formed during the early Paleogene from volcanic activity.

A Night at the Rotunda Museum

Rotunda Museum

(Image credit: Copyright Philip Hadland)

Philip Hadland took this mesmerizing photo of the night sky next to the Rotunda Museum — constructed in 1829 in the United Kingdom.

Take a Hike ... on Fetlar Island

Fetlar Island

(Image credit: Copyright Austin Taylor)

Located in the Shetland Islands, Fetlar Island is composed of exposed oceanic crust, the society said. It's also a great place for hiking. Photographer Austin Taylor walked along a trail called the Snap that starts at Funzie (pronounced funny) beach.

Laura Geggel

Laura is the archaeology and Life's Little Mysteries editor at Live Science. She also reports on general science, including paleontology. Her work has appeared in The New York Times, Scholastic, Popular Science and Spectrum, a site on autism research. She has won multiple awards from the Society of Professional Journalists and the Washington Newspaper Publishers Association for her reporting at a weekly newspaper near Seattle. Laura holds a bachelor's degree in English literature and psychology from Washington University in St. Louis and a master's degree in science writing from NYU.