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In Photos: Ancient King's Mausoleum Discovered in China

Jiangdu mausoleum

Archaeologists in China have discovered a mausoleum, dating back over 2,100 years, that contains three main tombs, including the tomb of Liu Fei (shown at bottom), the ruler of the Jiangdu kingdom in China.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

Archaeologists in China have discovered a mausoleum, dating back over 2,100 years, that contains three main tombs, 11 attendant tombs, two chariot-and-horse pits, two weapon pits and the remains of a wall that encompassed the complex. The mausoleum was built for Liu Fei (died 128 B.C.), who ruled a kingdom called Jiangdu that was part of the Chinese empire. This image shows Liu Fei's tomb at bottom and an adjacent tomb, for an unknown individual, at top.

Liu Fei's tomb

The tomb of Liu Fei, the ruler of the Jiangdu kingdom in the Chinese empire.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology )

Liu Fei's tomb, seen here, has a shaft on the north and a shaft on the south, which led down to the burial chamber. The burial chamber in turn contains a number of smaller corridors and chambers. In this image numerous modern-day workers wearing orange hard hats can be seen.

Deer lamps

Two bronze lamps, shaped like deer and gilded with gold, were found in the tomb of ruler Liu Fei of the Jiangdu kingdom in China.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

Liu Fei's tomb alone contains about 8,000 artifacts, including treasures made of gold, silver, jade and lacquer. Here, two bronze lamps, in the shape of deer, which are gilded with gold.

Chime bells

Musical instruments such as chime bells (shown here) were also found in the tomb of ruler Liu Fei.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

The tomb also includes musical instruments, such as chime bells (shown here), which were found accompanied by monster-shaped rack stands and dragon-shaped racks.

Monsters

This monster-shaped rack stand, made of bronze and inlaid with silver, accompanies the chime bells in Liu Fei's tomb.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

This monster-shaped rack stand, made of bronze and inlaid with silver, accompanies the chime bells in Liu Fei's tomb.

Banliang coins

banliang coins from a chinese tomb

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

Liu Fei’s financial needs, for the afterlife, were provided for with a "treasury" of over 100,000 banliang coins, seen here. These coins contain a square hole in the middle and were created when China was unified under the first emperor, who died 210 B.C. After the first emperor's death these coins eventually fell out of use.

Tomb treasure

This crystal belt hook was another treasure found in Liu Fei's tomb.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

This crystal belt hook was another treasure found in Liu Fei's tomb.

Gilded elephant

This gilded bronze sculpture, found in Liu Fei's tomb, shows an elephant and its mahout, the person who works with, tends and rides the elephant. During the second century B.C., China had contact with groups in Southeast Asia where elephants could be foun

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

This gilded bronze sculpture, found in Liu Fei's tomb, shows an elephant and its mahout, the person who works with, tends and rides the elephant. During the second century B.C., China had contact with groups in Southeast Asia where elephants could be found.

Bronze sculpture

Another gilded bronze sculpture from Liu Fei's tomb, this one showing a rhino and its groomer.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

Another gilded bronze sculpture from Liu Fei's tomb, this one showing a rhino and its groomer.

Mat weight

This bronze mat weight was found in the tomb adjacent to Liu Fei's. It contains inlaid gold, silver and gemstones.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

This bronze mat weight was found in the tomb adjacent to Liu Fei's. It contains inlaid gold, silver and gemstones.

Jade coffin

This jade coffin was also found in the tomb adjacent to Liu Fei's tomb. The identity of the person who would have occupied it is unknown.

(Image credit: Photo courtesy Chinese Archaeology)

This jade coffin was also found in the tomb adjacent to Liu Fei's tomb. The identity of the person who would have occupied it is unknown.