Gorilla Executions Puzzle Conservationists

One of four gorillas found shot to death this week in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Virunga National Park. (Image credit: Wildlife Conservation Society)

Four mountain gorillas, including one infant, were found shot to death this week in the Democratic Republic of Congo, making a total of seven killings of the critically endangered primates since January, according to researchers at the Wildlife Conservation Society.

The four gorilla carcasses were spotted in the Congo's Virunga National Park, which along with the surrounding Virunga Volcanoes Region, supports 380 mountain gorillas, or more than half of the global population. Until recently, the region was touted as one of Africa's wildlife success stories, with a rise in gorilla numbers attributed to conservation efforts by wardens. 

The gorillas were part of a group regularly visited by tourists and researchers, who dubbed them the Rugendo family.

Commercial hunters sometimes kill gorillas to sell for food or trophies, and even have been known to capture live babies for the pet trade. 

However, the wildlife scientists found no evidence of poaching on the four dead gorillas. For one, the bodies were left behind, and the infant was found clinging to its mother.

Some conservationists suggest the killings were meant to send a message to wardens to leave the park. Virunga has come under increasing pressure from outside exploitation, including the charcoal trade. As well, human-generated pressures, such as rapid deforestation in the region, imperil the gorillas.

“This is a senseless and tragic loss of some of the world’s most endangered and beloved wildlife,” said Deo Kujirakwinja, of the WCS's Congo Program. “This area must be immediately secured or we stand to lose an entire population of these endangered animals.”

Jeanna Bryner
Live Science Editor-in-Chief

Jeanna served as editor-in-chief of Live Science. Previously, she was an assistant editor at Scholastic's Science World magazine. Jeanna has an English degree from Salisbury University, a master's degree in biogeochemistry and environmental sciences from the University of Maryland, and a graduate science journalism degree from New York University. She has worked as a biologist in Florida, where she monitored wetlands and did field surveys for endangered species. She also received an ocean sciences journalism fellowship from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.