For some this may come as no surprise: Last month was the second hottest August in the past 32 years, scientists reported Thursday.
The global average temperature in August was just 0.02 degrees Fahrenheit (0.01 degrees Celsius) cooler than the record set in August 1998, according to John Christy, professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center (ESSC) at The University of Alabama in Huntsville.
That difference is well within the error range of the measurement, however, so the two months actually might be tied for the hottest August in the 32-year satellite temperature dataset, Christy said.
Currently, El Nino, which keeps Pacific Ocean waters off the coast of South America toasty, is fading and its colder cousin La Nina is set to start. Even so, 2010 remains the second hottest year in the record, with average daily temperatures through August that were only about 0.1 degree F (0.06 degrees C) cooler than the record set in 1998.
As part of an ongoing joint project between UA Huntsville, NOAA and NASA, Christy and Roy Spencer, a principal research scientist in the ESSC, use data gathered by advanced microwave sounding units on NOAA and NASA satellites to get accurate temperature readings for almost all regions of the Earth. This includes remote desert, ocean and rain forest areas where reliable climate data are not otherwise available.
The satellite-based instruments measure the temperature of the atmosphere from the surface up to an altitude of about 5 miles (8 kilometers) above sea level. Once the monthly temperature data is collected and processed, it is made available to scientists worldwide via a "public" computer file.
Neither Christy nor Spencer receives any research support or funding from oil, coal or industrial companies or organizations, or from any private or special interest groups. All of their climate research funding comes from federal and state grants or contracts.