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1,000-year-old church built by Otto the Great found in Saxony

An aerial view of the church built for Otto the Great, along with nearby burials, as seen from the southwest.
An aerial view of the church built for Otto the Great, along with nearby burials, as seen from the southwest. (Image credit: State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt)

Archaeologists searching for a royal palace in Germany have discovered a 1,000-year-old church constructed for Otto the Great (also called Otto I).

Otto I, who lived from A.D. 912 to 973, consolidated and expanded the Holy Roman Empire. The empire, which was centered in Germany, controlled territory throughout central Europe. Historical records indicated that a palace and church were built near Helfta in Saxony for the Roman emperor; and archaeologists with the State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt started searching for it in May, they said in a German language statement.

Related: In photos: A journey through early Christian Rome

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During excavations at the church, archaeologists discovered this enameled brooch from the ninth century.

During excavations at the church, archaeologists discovered this enameled brooch from the ninth century. (Image credit: Friederike Hertel, copyright State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt)
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Numerous burials and tombs were found around the church in Germany.

Numerous burials and tombs were found around the church in Germany. (Image credit: Felix Biermann, copyright State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt)
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An aerial view of the church built for Otto the Great, along with nearby burials, as seen from the southwest.

An aerial view of the church built for Otto the Great, along with nearby burials, as seen from the southwest. (Image credit: State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt)

Royal church

The three-aisled church is about 100 feet (30 meters) long and was shaped like a cross, excavations revealed. The church was destroyed during the Protestant Reformation that swept through Europe in the 16th century and led to the creation of new branches of Christianity, the archaeologists said in the statement. The church and palace would have "dominated" the valley where they were built, the archaeologists said. 

Among the artifacts found so far are a Romanesque bronze crucifix decorated with enamel that was made in Limoges in New Aquitaine (in modern-day France) in the 13th century, archaeologists said. Archaeologists also discovered a large fragment of a church bell, an enameled ninth-century brooch and numerous coins. 

The archaeologists have also found several burials around the church, including some tombs made out of bricks. Excavations and analysis of the remains are ongoing at the site. Right now, excavating the church is a priority, but historical records indicate that the palace is nearby and remains of it may be found as work continues. 

Historical records say that while Otto I ordered the construction of the church and a nearby palace, he himself only visited it once, when the church was inaugurated around A.D. 968. The archaeologists noted that Otto I had numerous palaces with nearby churches located throughout his empire. 

Felix Biermann, an archaeologist with the State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt is leading the excavation team. 

Originally published on Live Science.

Owen Jarus
Owen Jarus writes about archaeology and all things about humans' past for Live Science. Owen has a bachelor of arts degree from the University of Toronto and a journalism degree from Ryerson University. He enjoys reading about new research and is always looking for a new historical tale.