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Coronavirus in the US: Latest COVID-19 news and case counts

Last updated May 30 at 9 p.m. ET.

The U.S. has now confirmed more than 1.8 million COVID-19 cases and about 105,557 related deaths, according to Worldometer, which is tracking COID-19 statistics. 

At least 29,829 of those COVID-19 deaths occurred in New York, 11,637 in New Jersey, 6,768 in Massachusetts, 5,463 in Michigan, 5,560 in Pennsylvania and 4,213 related deaths reported in California, Worldometer is reporting. Worldwide, more than 6.15 million cases have been reported and at least 370,870 related deaths, according to Worldometer. 

[Live Science is tracking case counts and relevant news from each U.S. state. Click on your state in the list below.]

—Most of New York, except for New York City, has met the seven metrics needed for the first phase of reopening their economies. New York City has yet to meet two of those criteria: 30% of hospital beds must be available; and at least 30 contact tracers per 100K residents or a number based on infection rate. As of May 26, New York City was reporting 2,368 individuals hospitalized with COVID-19, 776 of which were in the intensive-care unit (ICU). The state has tested more than 1.8 million individuals for the disease, with 364,965 testing positive as of May 26. 

—Most states have at least partially reopened (or are about to reopen), with just a few that are still under statewide lockdowns: Delaware, Illinois and New Jersey, according to The New York Times. New Jersey's governor also increased the number of people allowed in outdoor gatherings from 10 to 25, and also opened campgrounds. And NYC's mayor says beachgoers might be allowed into the water starting in June. Florida is now allowing summer camps and youth athletics to run without restrictions, though local governments can impose their own guidelines, the Times reported.

—The CDC has released its guidelines for reopening various parts of society, including schools, childcare centers, restaurants and public transport, The Washington Post reported May 19. Some institutions, the CDC said, should stay closed to stem coronavirus transmission for now. The CDC also offered recommendations for offices should they reopen, including no public transit and no coffee pots or water coolers.

—President Donald Trump is pushing to reopen schools, criticizing the nation's top infectious diseases expert Dr. Anthony Fauci, who said in front of the Senate Health Committee on Tuesday (May 12) that reopening too soon could have serious consequences, The New York Times reported

Coronavirus antibody testing

In the study, researchers ran antibody tests on a total of 15,101 individuals at 99 grocery stores in 26 counties in New York state from April 19-28. The participants were 18 and older. Overall, 1,887 individuals (or 12.5%) showed antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, suggesting they had a past infection with the novel coronavirus. 

The researchers estimated that it takes about 21 days from symptom onset to a person building up enough antibodies to show up in an antibody test, so their results would indicate who has been infected through March 29. When they estimated the cumulative incidence of infections through that date by normalizing the sample to represent the true population, they found that overall 14% of New Yorkers (about 2.14 million) have been infected with SARS-CoV-2. Broken out into regions, New York City showed the highest incidence of 22.7%, followed by both Westchester/Rockland Counties and Long Island, which showed an incidence of 13.2%. The rest of New York State showed an incidence rate of 3.6%.

"Over 2 million adults were infected through late March 2020, with substantial variations by subpopulations. As this remains below herd immunity thresholds [of around 70%], monitoring, testing and contact tracing remain essential public health strategies," the researchers wrote in their paper, published online in the preprint database medRxiv, meaning the paper has yet to go through a peer-review by scientists in the field.

Cuomo had announced results from this study in April before it was published online, showing numbers by New York City borough and other counties in the state. Here's the breakdown he reported: 

New York City:
Bronx: 27.6%
Brooklyn: 19.2%
Manhattan: 17.3%
Queens: 18.4%
Staten Island: 19.2%

Statewide:
Mohawk Valley: 2.7%
North Country: 1.2%
Hudson Vally (w/o Westchester/Rockland): 3%
Central NY: 1.9%
Southern Tier: 2.4%
Finger Lakes: 2.6%
Western NY: 6%

The hope is that people with such antibodies will be immune to the coronavirus. However, scientists don't have enough data to be able to say whether that's the case. In addition, the serological tests have been plagued by unreliable results. 

Live Science put together a guide of everything you need to know about the coronavirus antibody tests.

US deaths from coronavirus

More than 100,000 Americans have died to date from the novel coronavirus. A model that infectious disease experts like Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, were using to forecast the total number of deaths from COVID-19 has been revised with better data. At the end of March, a COVID-1 model by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington and other models had forecast that even with stay-at-home and other social-distancing measures, 200,000 individuals in the U.S. could ultimately die from this virus.

However, the IHME model is constantly being updated with more and better information. As of May 20, that model projects 143,357 people will die of COVID-19 in the United States by Aug. 4. That updated model iteration also shows a slow and steady decrease in daily deaths over the next few months. 

In New York, the IHME model projects a total of 32,135 COVID-19 deaths by Aug. 4, assuming certain social-distancing measures remain in place.

State

Cases

Deaths

New Deaths (prior day)

Alabama

17,649

620

19

Alaska

434

10

0

Arizona

19,255

903

28

Arkansas

7,013

133

7

California

109,883

4,213

98

Colorado

26,098

1,443

15

Connecticut

42,022

3,912

42

Delaware

9,422

361

11

District Of Columbia

8,717

462

7

Florida

55,424

2,447

49

Georgia

46,331

2,004

11

Hawaii

651

17

0

Idaho

2,839

82

0

Illinois

118,917

5,330

84

Indiana

34,211

2,125

42

Iowa

19,249

531

18

Kansas

9,764

216

0

Kentucky

9,704

431

9

Louisiana

39,581

2,785

21

Maine

2,282

89

1

Maryland

52,015

2,509

38

Massachusetts

96,301

6,768

78

Michigan

56,884

5,463

34

Minnesota

24,190

1,036

29

Mississippi

15,229

723

17

Missouri

13,207

771

26

Montana

505

17

0

Nebraska

13,905

170

6

Nevada

8,495

417

5

New Hampshire

4,545

242

6

New Jersey

160,916

11,637

124

New Mexico

7,624

351

9

New York

378,951

29,829

98

North Carolina

27,793

929

52

North Dakota

2,554

60

2

Ohio

35,040

2,150

27

Oklahoma

6,418

334

3

Oregon

4,185

153

0

Pennsylvania

75,794

5,560

68

Rhode Island

14,819

711

16

South Carolina

11,394

487

13

South Dakota

4,960

62

5

Tennessee

22,566

364

4

Texas

63,416

1,679

31

Utah

9,533

112

1

Vermont

977

55

0

Virginia

43,611

1,370

20

Washington

22,214

1,123

11

West Virginia

1,989

75

0

Wisconsin

18,230

588

18

Wyoming

898

16

0

States reopen

Most states have at least partially reopened (or about to reopen), with just a few that are still under statewide lockdowns: Delaware, Illinois, Michigan and New Jersey, according to The New York Times

In New York, Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced limited reopening starting May 15 for five regions: Finger Lakes, Central New York, Mohawk Valley, Southern Tier and the North Country regions comprising the counties of: Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, Seneca, Wayne, Wyoming, Yates Cayuga, Cortland, Madison, Onondaga, Oswego, Fulton, Herkimer, Montgomery, Oneida, Otsego, Schoharie, Broome, Chemung, Chenango, Delaware, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis and St. Lawrence, according to an executive order from Cuomo. A limited reopening allows certain business to open up while also following guidelines put forth by the state's department of health. Those business sectors include: Construction, agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, retail, which is limited to curbside or in-store pickup or drop-off), as well as manufacturing and wholesale trade. 

California also began to reopen, starting May 12: In counties that have met certain state benchmarks for handling the pandemic, some businesses can open, The Los Angeles Times reported. These include: shopping centers (for in-person shopping); restaurants (for in-person dining); pet grooming establishments; and car washes. To get the green light for opening these businesses, counties in California must complete a risk assessment regarding COVID-19 spread and draw up protection plans to train employees on limiting virus spread, provide virus screenings of employees, disinfection protocols and social-distancing guidelines, the LAT reported. As of last week, the following counties had met those criteria: Amador, Butte, El Dorado, Lassen, Nevada, Placer and Shasta counties, the LAT said.

Amid protests to reopen Michigan, the state Gov. Gretchen Whitmer signed executive orders to reinstate the "state of emergency" to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus. The emergency measures will remain in place through May 28, the Times reported. During this time, all businesses must “suspend in-person operations that are not necessary to sustain or protect life, and all Michiganders must stay in their homes unless they’re a part of that critical infrastructure workforce, engaged in an outdoor activity, or performing tasks necessary to the health and safety of themselves or their family, like going to the hospital or grocery store,” the government said in a statement.

Ohio’s stay-at-home orders are set to expire on May 29. However, state Gov. Mike DeWine has allowed the reopening of certain industries — retail stores, outdoor dining at restaurants, manufacturing, construction, salons and offices — beginning May 12. 

Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf is reopening in a similar manner to California, where it is happening by county and in progressive phases. About 49 counties are currently in the "yellow" phase of reopening as of May 15. 

In yellow phase counties, the stay-at-home order is  lifted and many business with in-person operations are allowed to reopen — however, bars, restaurants, gyms and entertainment venues will remain closed, and gatherings of more than 25 people remain prohibited. Read the governor's statement for more information on what the yellow phase entails. Currently, just 18 counties in Pennsylvania remain in the "red phase" of maximum social restrictions.

CDC guidelines for reopening

In the CDC's newly released guidance or road map for reopening different parts of society, schooldays would look much different from what kids are used to. For instance, according to The Washington Post, the road map suggests policies for social distancing that include: 6 feet between each desk; desks facing in the same direction; lunch within classrooms; staggered times of arrival for students; face masks for staff; and daily temperature screenings. On buses, the CDC recommends seating children in every other row, as well, according to the CDC’s 60-page document. The CDC also suggests schools close communal-use spaces such as dining halls and playgrounds if possible; otherwise, schools should stagger use and disinfect in between use in these areas.

To follow the road map, states or local communities would move from Phase 1 to Phase 2 to Phase 3 after meeting thresholds under all six "gating criteria" in order to move forward in the phases and the loosening of social-distancing measures. The six gating criteria are: 

Decreases in newly identified COVID-19 cases (To more to Phase 1, an area must show a downward trajectory of documented cases over a 14-day period.)

Decreases in emergency department and/or outpatient visits for COVID-like illness (To move from Phase 1 to Phase 2, for instance, an area must show a downward trajectory of COVID-like cases cases reported for at least 14 days after entering Phase 1.)

Decreases in emergency department and/or outpatient visits for influenza-like illness

Decreases in percentage of SARS-CoV-2 tests that are positive

Treat all patients without crisis care

Robust testing program (For instance, to move to Phase 1, an area must have test availability such that the percentage of positive tests is <20% for 14 days. Median time from test order to result is <4 days.) 

Coronavirus testing

Coronavirus memo

Two memorandums sent to President Donald Trump and the National Security Council by trade advisor Peter Navarro lay out alarming forecasts for how hard the spreading coronavirus could hit Americans, according to news sites that obtained the memos. In a memo dated Jan. 29 that was sent to the National Security Council, Navarro writes: "The lack of immune protection or an existing cure or vaccine would leave Americans defenseless in the case of a full-blown coronavirus outbreak on U.S. soil. ... This lack of protection elevates the risk of the coronavirus evolving into a full-blown pandemic, imperiling the lives of millions of Americans," The New York Times reported. In one of the worst-case scenarios that Navarro described, more than half a million Americans could die from the disease, the Times reported.

The other memo, dated Feb. 23 and addressed to President Trump, is also attributed to Navarro. In the memo, according to Axios and the Times, Navarro indicates the need for resources from Congress.

"This is NOT a time for penny-pinching or horse trading on the Hill," Navarro wrote, as reported by Axios. The memo also warned that an “increasing probability of a full-blown COVID-19 pandemic that could infect as many as 100 million Americans, with a loss of life of as many as 1.2 million souls."

At the time of both memos, the president was downplaying the severity of the not-yet-pandemic situation. In a tweet dated to Feb. 24, Trump wrote: "The Coronavirus is very much under control in the USA," Axios reported.

USNS Comfort

The USNS Comfort hospital ship enters New York Harbor toward its destination at a pier in Manhattan. (Image credit: Diana Whitcroft for Live Science)
The USNS Comfort hospital ship enters New York Harbor toward its destination at a pier in Manhattan. (Image credit: Diana Whitcroft for Live Science)
The USNS Comfort hospital ship enters New York Harbor toward its destination at a pier in Manhattan. (Image credit: Diana Whitcroft for Live Science)

The hospital ship USNS Comfort entered New York Harbor on March 30; it passed the Statue of Liberty on its way to a Manhattan Cruise Terminal pier. The ship, which will be used to treat non-COVID-19 patients, is equipped with 12 operating rooms, with "hospital beds, a medical laboratory, a pharmacy, an optometry lab, digital radiology, a CAT scan, two oxygen-producing plants and a helicopter deck," the U.S. Department of Defense reported. A 1,200-strong medical staff from the U.S. Navy will operate the hospital.

Hospitals across the U.S. are desperate for medical supplies, including personal protection equipment (PPE), such as proper face masks, and ventilators, according to several news reports. In a recent Tweet, an internal medicine resident in New York City, said: "I feel I must tweet because the press does not reflect our reality. The deluge is here. Our ICU is completely full with intubated COVID patients. We are rapidly moving to expand capacity. We are nearly out of PPE. I anticipate we will begin rationing today." 

However, on Thursday (April 2), just 20 patients were onboard because of the harsh criteria for who could and could not be treated there. That should change with updated guidelines: "screening for care on the USNS Comfort will be modified and will now occur pier-side in an effort to reduce the backlog at some of the nearby New York hospitals. The screening effort for the USNS Comfort will no longer require a negative test, but each patient will still be screened by temperature and a short questionnaire," the U.S. Department of Defense said in a statement.

Coronavirus rescue plan

President Donald Trump signed into law a $2 trillion rescue bill on Friday (March 27) in the Oval Office, after the House of Representatives passed it through a voice vote the same day; the U.S. Senate had passed the bill unanimously on Wednesday (March 25), The New York Times reported. There was concern that a representative in the House would demand a so-called "roll call" or recorded vote, in which each member's vote gets recorded through an electronic voting machine. But that takes time, and it means enough representatives voting yes must be present for the vote to pass.

Related: How to get the $1,200 coronavirus stimulus check

Instead, the representatives used a "voice vote," in which the "presiding officer" states the question and those in favor say "Yea" and those against, "Nay." The presiding officer then announces the result according to their judgment, and the names of the representatives are not recorded. 

Here's what the bill looks like, according to a breakdown of the bill by Bloomberg.com: About $532 billion would go to "big business, local government loans and financial assistance," including $61 billion that would go directly to airlines. About $377 billion would go to small business loans and grants. About $290 billion would provide direct payments to families in certain tax brackets; $260 billion in unemployment insurance; $290 billion in tax cuts; and $150 billion for state and local stimulus finds. The following "miscellaneous" funds are also part of the rescue bill: $126 billion to hospitals and other health care facilities; $45 billion for FEMA; $31 billion for education stabilization; $27 billion for vaccines and stockpiles; $25 billion for infrastructure; and $131 billion for "other."

The direct payments to families would go to low- and middle-income families/individuals and would include: $1,200 for each adult and $500 for each child in those households, Bloomberg.com reported.

More coronavirus news on Live Science

Limited testing

As of April 27, 97 state and local public health laboratories in 50 states and the District of Columbia have working COVID-19 diagnostic tests, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced. As of April 27, the CDC and public labs in the U.S. had tested 491,815 specimens; that doesn't equate to that many individuals tested, as labs may run two tests per person to confirm an infection. When commercial labs are added in, a total of nearly 5.6 million COVID-19 tests have been run in the U.S. as of April 28, according to the COVID Tracking Project.

States differ in their rates of testing: California has completed 553,409 tests (about 139 per 10,000 individuals); New York has run 826,095 tests (about 425 per 10,000); 13,033 tests in Montana (120 per 10K individuals); and 53,171 in Oklahoma (134 per 10K)as of April 28. 

To date, the FDA has granted at least 50 "emergency use authorizations" for COVID diagnostic tests as of April 27, the FDA reported. Most notably is an EUA for a new serological test, which looks for antibodies in a person's blood that are specific to the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; such tests will help to identify who has been infected already by the virus and is potentially immune. On April 1, the FDA issued that EUA to Cellex Inc.'s qSARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM Rapid Test, the FDA reported.

Other tests that received EUA's include: the San Diego-based Mesa Biotech’s rapid diagnostic test for COVID-19 (called Accula SARS-CoV-2 Test), which delivers results in 30 minutes, Forbes reported. The firm's CEO said the device fits in the palm of your hand and can easily be sent out to point-of-care locations for testing.

Another EUA was granted to California-based company Cepheid for a rapid COVID-19 test whose results take 45 minutes, Live Science reported. There are 5,000 systems in the U.S. capable of running this rapid test, which Cepheid said it would start shipping out March 30. 

LabCorp, which processes samples collected by state health departments and hospitals, said in an April 2 statement that the lab “has performed approximately 350,000 tests since first making our COVID-19 test available on March 5th. That number is increasing rapidly now that our lab capacity has reached more than 30,000 tests per day, with even more capacity expected over the coming weeks assuming adequate supplies.”

In addition, Deborah Birx, a member of the president's coronavirus task force, said that the U.S. had granted emergency authorization for Roche holdings to release its automated test, which should rapidly scale up the ability to conduct testing. In a March 30 statement from Roche, the company said it began shipping the tests, called the cobas® SARS-CoV-2 Test, to U.S. labs on March 13 and expected to be able to ship about 400,000 tests per week.

Originally published on Live Science. 

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