An ancient wreck
The ship sank in a storm in 1684 off Dollar Cove in the Gunwalloe district of Cornwall's Lizard Peninsula.
This photograph shows Gunwalloe Church Cove in the foreground, with Dollar Cove behind it. [Read more about the pirate ship discovery]
A dangerous spot
The shipwreck of the Schiedam has lain in the water, just beyond the rocks of the beach, for more than 300 years.
The ship sank in a storm in 1684, after returning from Morocco with English military stores on board.
Last month he found this 17th-century hand grenade – and he found he found a similar grenade same beach last year.
Both objects were heavily encrusted with scale and debris from the ocean – Felce said he thought the latest find was an ordinary rock, until it broke open and revealed the grenade inside.
Some English soldiers were specially trained to throw them long distances, and they were later formed into the Grenadier regiments of the British Army – a title still used by some regiments to day.
The hand grenades found by Robert Felce at Dollar Cove were made safe by bomb disposal experts from the British Army, who scraped out the gunpowder.
The Schiedam had been captured by pirates from the Barbary Coast in 1683 – but it was seized by the Royal Navy and used as a cargo ship.
In 1684, the Schiedam was used in of navy convoy carrying military stores from English garrisons returning from Tangiers in Morocco.
But it was separated from the convoy during a storm and sank at Dollar Cove.
It was rediscovered and identified about two years ago by divers from Cornwall Maritime Archaeology, a private research group that investigates wrecks off the coast of Cornwall for the Historic England agency.
They include a total of 11 cannons found so far – thought to have been part of the military cargo carried by the ship stop.
The divers do not know what these round and hollow objects are – it’s thought they may be parts of a bombard, an early type of cannon or mortar that was used to throw stone projectiles at defensive walls.
Milburn and Gibbins visited the wreck again in recent months, and found that even more debris from the wreck could now be seen.
This photograph shows a gun carriage wheel from the ship’s cargo of military stores.
Little structure left
Milburn said that each storm that exposed more of the wreck caused some damage to the pieces that are left.
But several iron objects from the ship remain, scattered on the seafloor.
Milburn and Gibbins from Cornwall Maritime Archaeology are keeping watch on the wreck for the agency, and have permission to recover any artifacts they feel might be at risk.