The Amazon rain forest covers an area of 2.6 milloin square miles (6.7 million square kilometers), or twice the size of India, over eight countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela, plus French Guiana.
The tropical region is, as expected, warm and humid, with average temperatures of 82.2 (27.9 degrees Celsius) during the dry season and 78.4 F (25.8 C) during the rainy season – perfect for frogs like this Map Tree frog (Hypsiboas geographicus).
The Amazon is one of Earth's last refuges for numerous animals, including jaguars like this one. Jaguars are strong swimmers and climbers and require large areas to survive. However, according to WWF, hunting and habitat loss due to deforestatin threaten the survival of these marvelous cats.
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Credit: Image courtesy of Robert Ewers
A sloth at the edge of a forest in the Amazon.
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Extinctions on the Way
Credit: Toby Gardner
Gloomy news? A study published in the July 13, 2012, issue of the journal Science found that with past deforestation and other threats to wildlife, more than 80 percent of species extinctions are still impending. Shown here, the stark forest edge of the Amazon.
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Credit: Image courtesy of William Laurance
Slash and burn in the Amazon.
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Burning Shows No Bounds
Credit: Image courtesy of Alexander Lees
During the last half century, the seemingly endless Amazon has lost at least 17 percent of its forest cover, according to WWF. Shown here, a burnt Amazon forest.