In Brief

Northern California reports first case of coronavirus not tied to travel

Chinatown in San Francisco. The city announced a public health emergency due to fears of coronavirus on Feb. 25
San Francisco Chinatown. The city announced a state of emergency on Tuesday (Feb. 25) in order to mobilize resources to fight a potential coronavirus outbreak in the city. (Image credit: Justin Sullivan/Getty)

A case of COVID-19 has been confirmed in a Northern California resident who had no travel history to an affected area and no known contact with a person previously diagnosed with COVID-19, the  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced today (Feb. 26). The patient lives in Solano County, northeast of San Francisco, and is being treated  in Sacramento, according to the California Department of Public Health.
"At this time, the patient’s exposure is unknown. It's possible this could be an instance of community spread of COVID-19, which would be the first time this has happened in the United States," the CDC said in a statement. "Community spread means spread of an illness for which the source of infection is unknown. It's also possible, however, that the patient may have been exposed to a returned traveler who was infected."

This case was detected through the public health system by an observant clinician.

Related: Live updates on COVID-19

So far, the U.S. has confirmed 60 cases of coronavirus. Nine of those cases are in California, and until now, all were tied to a person with a known travel history to a hard-hit region.

On Tuesday (Feb. 25), San Francisco declared coronavirus a public health emergency, which allows the county to mobilize resources and coordinate agencies. Nearby Santa Clara county made a similar declaration on Feb. 10. That announcement came after a person who had traveled to Wuhan, China, tested positive for the disease on Jan. 31, Live Science previously reported

Yesterday, the CDC announced that a coronavirus outbreak somewhere in the U.S. was a near certainty, and urged people to be prepared for the possibility of school closures and remote work

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Tia Ghose
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Tia is the managing editor and was previously a senior writer for Live Science. Her work has appeared in Scientific American, and other outlets. She holds a master's degree in bioengineering from the University of Washington, a graduate certificate in science writing from UC Santa Cruz and a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. Tia was part of a team at the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that published the Empty Cradles series on preterm births, which won multiple awards, including the 2012 Casey Medal for Meritorious Journalism.