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Photos: The Amazing Mummies of Peru and Egypt

Made to order

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: C. Chesek/Copyright AMNH)

Using hieroglyphics, Egyptian coffins were often personalized to the deceased. The individual's name as well as the gods assisting in that person's journey were engraved on the coffin.

Details

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Photographer John Weinstein, Copyright 2015 the Field Museum, A115218d_010A)

A coffin from Egypt's 25th or 26th Dynasty has much detail. The deceased man is shown being assisted by Thoth, the ibis-headed god; Osiris, the god of the underworld; and Anubis, the jackal-headed god.

Modest provisions

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: R. Mickens/Copyright AMNH)

Wealthy Egyptians imported materials for their coffins, but less fortunate citizens used scarce, native trees to create their coffins. This painted coffin bears the marks of time with its red paint faded and worn, exposing the simple construction and wood grain.

Morphing culture

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: C. Chesek/Copyright AMNH)

After hundreds of years as a province to the Roman Empire, Egypt's culture changed. This coffin bears no hieroglyphics, and the hair and clothing look less Egyptian and more Roman.

Sneak a peek

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Copyright the Field Museum)

After a CT scan of the Gilded Lady is conducted, details emerge: She was in her 40s and had curly hair as well as a slight overbite. She may have suffered and died from tuberculosis, an often-deadly but common sickness at the time.

Brought to life

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Copyright 2012. Photo: E. Daynès. Reconstruction: Elisabeth Daynès, Paris)

Using the technologies available, experts created this sculpture to show what the Gilded Lady may have looked like in real life.

Before his time

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Photographer John Weinstein, Copyright 2015 the Field Museum, A115249d_007A)

"Mummies" provides an inside look at this extremely decorative coffin. A young boy of roughly 14 years who died in the Ptolemaic era of ancient Egypt was found inside.

Amazing detail

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Photographer John Weinstein, Copyright 2015 The Field Museum, A115249d_007F)

The coffin for the young man features detailed paintings of the sky goddess Nut and the sons of Horus.

A sad story

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Copyright the Field Museum)

CT scans of the intricately decorated coffin disclose a young mummified boy placed in an oversized coffin.

Creating a face

mummies exhibit

(Image credit: Copyright 2012. Photo: E. Daynès. Reconstruction: Elisabeth Daynès, Paris )

Using the CT scans and a 3D-printed skull model, French artist Elisabeth Daynès created a sculpture of the boy mummy.