Hey ladies, in the future you might be able to toss out your birth-control pills and hand over the daily responsibility to the guys.
Male mice lacking a certain protein — one that has a human counterpart — had reduced fertility, a new study found.
The researchers suggest the finding could lead to the development of a non-hormonal contraceptive pill for men, similar to female birth-control pills.
The research team, led by Yildiz Yildiz of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, generated mice lacking the GBA2 protein, called knockout mice.
They collected sperm from mice with and without the GBA2 protein and incubated the sperm with unfertilized eggs. Large bundles of sperm from normal mice bounded to the eggs, while the knockout sperm did not.
About 30 percent of the eggs fertilized by normal sperm developed into blastocysts, embryos that haven’t yet implanted to the uterus lining. The knockout sperm didn’t result in any blastocysts.
Looking under a microscope, the researchers found the sperm of knockout mice had abnormally large, round heads, were fewer in number and moved more slowly than sperm from normal mice.
Prior to this study, scientists assumed the GBA2 protein worked like another protein in the same family called GBA1, which breaks down bile acid. “From what we could tell, the enzyme does little or nothing in bile acid metabolism,” said research team member David Russell, also of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.
Humans lacking GBA1 develop symptoms of Gaucher’s disease — enlarged internal organs and neurological defects. One treatment for the disease has rendered many male patients infertile, an effect scientists assumed was linked to GBA1. But the new findings suggest the treatment is actually inhibiting the GBA2 protein.
Since the two proteins work individually, the scientists suggest a disruption of GBA2 could lead to a male contraceptive that would have no effect on bile acid metabolism. “If you could make a very selective inhibitor of GBA2 then you would cause the malformed sperm, you would render that individual infertile,” Russell told LiveScience.
Live Science newsletter
Stay up to date on the latest science news by signing up for our Essentials newsletter.
Jeanna served as editor-in-chief of Live Science. Previously, she was an assistant editor at Scholastic's Science World magazine. Jeanna has an English degree from Salisbury University, a master's degree in biogeochemistry and environmental sciences from the University of Maryland, and a graduate science journalism degree from New York University. She has worked as a biologist in Florida, where she monitored wetlands and did field surveys for endangered species. She also received an ocean sciences journalism fellowship from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.