Newfound Species

Science has identified some 2 million species of plants, animals and microbes on Earth, but scientists estimated there are millions more left to discover, and new species are constantly discovered and described. The most commonly discovered new species are typically insects, a type of animal with a high degree of biodiversity. Newly discovered mammal species are rare, but they do occur, typically in remote places that haven't been well studied previously. Some animals are found to be new species only when scientists peer at their genetic code, because they look outwardly similar to another species — these are called cryptic species. Some newfound species come from museum collections that haven't been previously combed through and, of course, from fossils. Read below for stories about newly discovered species, both alive on Earth today and those that once roamed the planet.
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Latest Articles

What's Blue with Legs All Over? New 3D Avatar Millipede
Blue avatar, millipede
August 26th, 2015
The 3D cyberportrayal of a newfound millipede looks like it hopped from the screen of James Cameron's "Avatar," with a blue body and alien appearance to boot.
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Alien of the Deep Has Needle-Sharp Teeth & a Shiny Head Lure
A female of the newfound <em>Lasiognathus dinema</em> species from the Gulf of Mexico.
August 7th, 2015
Lurking in the dark depths of the sea, a new species of fish that looks more alien than Earthling, with its needlelike teeth and glowing fishing pole of sorts atop its head, has been discovered.
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Velociraptor's Cousin Flaunted Fabulous Feathers, Tiny Arms
Feathered dino
July 16th, 2015
A flamboyant cousin of the fearsome Velociraptor, covered in layers of showy feathers from head to tail, once stalked meaty prey in the forests of what is now northeastern China.
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Photos: Creepy-Crawly Millipede Scanned in 3D
millipede
August 26th, 2015
A creepy-crawly millipede is the first newfound species to be described with a 3D imaging method called high-resolution X-ray microtomography (microCT).
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New Jelly-Bean-Size 'Masked' Frog Discovered in the Andes
N. madreselva's distinctive markings include a dark brown "face mask."
August 6th, 2015
A cute new Andean frog has a dark-brown "face mask" and a white mottled belly. The little guy is not much bigger than a jelly bean.
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Photos: Velociraptor Cousin Had Short Arms and Feathery Plumage
feathered dinosaur, Exquisite fossil
July 16th, 2015
One of Velociraptor's cousins had an armful of feathers, even if its arms were short, a new study finds.
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Wild 'Jesus Lizard' Once Walked on Wyoming's Tropical Waters
jesus lizard
July 1st, 2015
About 48 million years ago, a distant relative of the "Jesus lizard," named for its knack for walking on water, darted around the tropical rainforests of ancient Wyoming, a new study finds.
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No Tusks: Ancient Walrus Cousin Looked More Like a Sea Lion
Walrus illustration
August 5th, 2015
About 10 million years ago, a distant cousin of the modern walrus snapped at fish as it swam near the shore of what is now modern Japan, a new study finds.
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Photos: New Triceratops Cousin Unearthed
Artist's conception of Wendiceratops pinhornensis
July 8th, 2015
A renowned fossil hunter in Alberta discovered the new species Wendiceratops pinhornensis, a dinosaur that lived about 13 million years before its famous relative, Triceratops, during the Late Cretaceous period.
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