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Ritualistic artifacts found at 'Temple of the Pharaohs' in Egypt

Ivories depicting women carrying offerings and scenes of life were found in the temple.
Ivories depicting women carrying offerings and scenes of life were found in the temple. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)

Archaeologists excavating the "Temple of the Pharaohs" (as it is now called) at the ancient city of Buto, about 59 miles (95 kilometers) east of Alexandria, in Egypt, have found 2,700-year-old tools and sculptures that were used in rituals for Hathor, the goddess of the sky. 

The artifacts are associated with a mix of deities, not just the goddess of Hathor, that were worshipped in ancient Egypt and were presumably venerated at the temple, the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities said in a statement

The finds include incense burners made of faience, one of which has an image of the god Horus on the top, Ayman Ashmawy, the director-general of the ministry's excavation department, said in the statement. The finds also include an udjat eye made out of gold. Udjat eyes were popular in ancient Egypt and were considered to be depictions of the eye of the god Horus. They were sometimes seen by the ancient Egyptians as symbols of protection and healing. The discoveries also include small statues of the goddess Taweret, who was associated with pregnancy and childbirth, and the god Thoth, who was associated with the moon and learning. 

Related: Photos: 2,000-year-old tombs found in Egyptian oasis

Ashmawy also noted that the finds include ivories that depict women carrying offerings and scenes of daily life that included plants, birds and animals. Additionally, they found artifacts that were inscribed with hieroglyphs. 

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An Udjat eye made out of gold. Udjat eyes were popular in ancient Egypt and were considered to be the eye of Horus. They were associated with protection and healing.

An Udjat eye made out of gold. Udjat eyes were popular in ancient Egypt and were considered to be the eye of Horus. They were associated with protection and healing. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
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The temple site under excavation is located within the ancient city of Buto about 95 km (59 miles) east of Alexandria.

The temple site under excavation is located within the ancient city of Buto about 95 km (59 miles) east of Alexandria. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
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The head of the god Horus is depicted at the top of this incense burner.

The head of the god Horus is depicted at the top of this incense burner. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)

Some of the inscriptions mention the names of pharaohs, and archaeologists were able to deduce that the artifacts date to the 26th dynasty (688 B.C. to 525 B.C.). During this time, Egypt gained its independence from the Assyrians and Kushites, and it flourished for a time before being conquered by the Persian Empire. 

Several clay pots found at the site may have been used in temple services. The finds also include small pieces of gold that may have been used to add gold gilding to objects. 

Excavation of the temple and analysis of the remains are ongoing. 

Originally published on Live Science.

Owen Jarus
Owen Jarus writes about archaeology and all things about humans' past for Live Science. Owen has a bachelor of arts degree from the University of Toronto and a journalism degree from Ryerson University. He enjoys reading about new research and is always looking for a new historical tale.