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How to watch the Eta Aquarids meteor shower this weekend

These star trails are from the Eta Aquarids meteor shower of 2020, as seen from Cordoba, Argentina, at its peak on May 6.
These star trails are from the Eta Aquarids meteor shower of 2020, as seen from Cordoba, Argentina, at its peak on May 6. (Image credit: Roberto Michel/Getty Images)

One of spring's busiest meteor showers, called the Eta Aquarids, is peaking this weekend. To catch the "shooting stars," just step outside and look to the southern night sky. 

The Eta Aquarids reached their approximate peak Friday morning (May 6), and they will continue to put on a strong showing in the coming days, reaching as many as 30 meteors an hour. And these meteors are known for their speed, reaching some 148,000 mph (just over 238,000 km/h) as they hit our atmosphere, NASA said.

The shooting stars originate from Halley's Comet (1P/Halley), a short-period comet that swings through the inner solar system every 75 to 76 years and will next come by in about 2061. During these visits, the comet leaves behind its own calling card — a debris trail of dust grains that Earth plows through every May. The bits of debris that hit our atmosphere will burn up harmlessly before reaching the ground.

This meteor shower is best visible from the Southern Hemisphere or close to the equator, but you can still catch a glimpse of the meteors in the Northern Hemisphere, said Bill Cooke, who leads NASA's Meteoroid Environment Office at the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama.

"It will be interesting to see if the rates are low this year, or if we will get a spike in numbers before next year's forecast outburst," Cooke said in a NASA post Wednesday (May 3).

Meteors can produce dramatic streaks, but are harmless. (Image credit: Mike Lewinski/Flickr/CC BY 2.0)

For the best meteor viewing, go outside around 3 a.m. local time after the moon has set. While the meteors originate in the constellation Aquarius near the celestial equator, it's better to look at the sky's zenith (straight up) so that you can see as many meteors as possible.

Pick a safe location and bring a lawn chair to reduce neck strain. Move away from as many lights as possible and try to get outside at least 20 minutes before you want to go meteor-hunting, to let your eyes adjust to the dark, according to NASA. If you want to use your phone or a flashlight, apply a red filter or red tape so as not to ruin your night vision.

Astrophotographers wanting to catch meteors should consult the beginner's guide at our sister website, Space.com. If you can, try to practice taking pictures at night before the show peaks, so that you have a chance to check your settings and to make sure the shots are turning out as you want. Happy hunting!

Editor's Note: If you snap an amazing meteor photo and would like to share it with Live Science readers, send your photo(s), comments, and your name and location to community@livescience.com.

Follow Elizabeth Howell on Twitter @howellspace. 

Elizabeth Howell
Elizabeth Howell
Elizabeth Howell is a regular contributor to Live Science and Space.com, along with several other science publications. She is one of a handful of Canadian reporters who specializes in space reporting. Elizabeth has a Bachelor of Journalism, Science Concentration at Carleton University (Canada) and an M.Sc. Space Studies (distance) at the University of North Dakota. Elizabeth became a full-time freelancer after earning her M.Sc. in 2012. She reported on three space shuttle launches in person and once spent two weeks in an isolated Utah facility pretending to be a Martian.