A gold strip earring, measuring about 11 inches (285 mm) long. It's unclear why the researchers found only one, not two earrings, the archaeologists said.
Archaeologists found the skeleton of a second person, likely that of a woman, in the southeastern corner of the chamber. In contrast to the elite woman, the second woman was physically smaller and buried with few grave foods. It possible that this woman was a servant of the elite woman, the researchers said.
The archaeologists also found a bronze sheet measuring nearly 1.3 feet (0.4 m) long near the second woman's remains. The sheet is decorated with circles. It likely graced the forehead of a horse, meaning that is was a chamfron, the researchers said.
A computed tomography (CT) scan of the area showed the remains of an iron horse-bit near the bronze sheet, the researchers added. This can be seen in the bottom photo, where the researchers digitally erased the chamfron to show the iron bit and forelock pendants.
Cross sections of an oak plank (left) and silver-fir plank (right). The tree rings and bark helped the researchers date the grave to 583 B.C.[ Read the full story about the treasure-filled grave ]
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Laura is the archaeology and Life's Little Mysteries editor at Live Science. She also reports on general science, including paleontology. Her work has appeared in The New York Times, Scholastic, Popular Science and Spectrum, a site on autism research. She has won multiple awards from the Society of Professional Journalists and the Washington Newspaper Publishers Association for her reporting at a weekly newspaper near Seattle. Laura holds a bachelor's degree in English literature and psychology from Washington University in St. Louis and a master's degree in science writing from NYU.