It held jewelry made of gold, amber and bronze; bracelets carved from black stone; horse armor fashioned out of bronze and boar tusks; and furs and textiles piled high, indicating that the woman held an elite social status, archaeologists said.
In addition, the presence of a petrified sea urchin and an ammonite in the grave suggest that the woman may have worked as a priestess, the archaeologists said.
The Iron Age burial dates to 583 B.C. [ Read the full story about the treasure-filled grave ]
Archaeologists soon uncovered the remains of an Iron Age girl, who was likely between 2 and 4 years old when she died.
The team found more brooches (also known as fibulae) in the girl's grave, including this gold-plated bronze brooch, measuring almost 2 inches (50 millimeters) long. The pendants have a diameter of 0.8 inches (20 mm).
Later, the archaeologists found that the young girl's grave was located a mere 6.5 feet (2 meters) from the elite woman's burial chamber.
The timbers allowed researchers to date the grave using a process known as dendrochronology. The arrows on the photo show the relevant dates the investigators gleaned.
Here is a 3D illustration of the belt created with the help of X-ray computed tomography (XCT).
This finding suggests that the elite woman had a strong connection with horses, the researchers said. The archaeologists found two pairs of the tusks. One of them is pictured here.
The archaeologists also found a bronze sheet measuring nearly 1.3 feet (0.4 m) long near the second woman's remains. The sheet is decorated with circles. It likely graced the forehead of a horse, meaning that is was a chamfron, the researchers said.
A computed tomography (CT) scan of the area showed the remains of an iron horse-bit near the bronze sheet, the researchers added. This can be seen in the bottom photo, where the researchers digitally erased the chamfron to show the iron bit and forelock pendants.