Through the Years: A Gallery of the World's Toilets
By Stephanie Pappas, Live Science Contributor |
A Roman-era public restroom in Ephesus, Turkey.
Toilets in Wartime
Latrines and cooking pots mingle near the front lines during World War I. The soldiers' pit latrines are directly behind the open-air kitchen where three army cooks are preparing food.
Bathroom in 1918
A typical American bathroom in 1918, as seen in an advertisement for the G. C. Glass Plumbing company.
Privy, North Carolina, 1914-1915
The less well-off would have made do with a simple outdoor privy.
Outhouses in back of a butcher's work area in Sydney, Australia in 1900. This photograph was taken in a quarantine area during an outbreak of bubonic plague.
A 'strontschepper,' or feces-collector, collects toilet waste in buckets in this 1953 photograph taken in Amsterdam.
Open Sewer, Uganda
n open drainage channel flowing through a low-income area of Kampala, Uganda. There are no adequate sanitation facilities in this area so the drain is contaminated with raw sewage.
A makeshift latrine in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Children Play Near Open Sewage.
Children play over an open sewer in the slum of N-gombe in Lusaka, Zambia.
Building a Latrine
Construction of a latrine slab as part of a WaterAid sanitation program helping a poor community in Tamale, Ghana.
A New Latrine
Mithu, next to the latrine his family built following a WaterAid program in Laloich village, Mohanpur district, Rajshahi , Bangladesh.
Sanitation in Nepal
A family stands outside their award winning toilet built with WaterAid's assistance in Beli, Terai region, Nepal
Toilet in Asia
A "squat-pot" style toilet built into the floor, a common design in many Asian countries.
For those who'd like a little luxury in their restroom, there's always the bidet option.
Bathroom at 20,000 Feet
Airplane toilets use little water and lots of suction to suck waste into a storage tank until it can be emptied.
Toilet in Space
Possibly the highest-tech toilets are those used by astronauts in space. Here, a mock-up of the toilets on the Space Shuttle at Johnson Space Center in Houston, Tex.
Stephanie Pappas, Live Science Contributor
Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science. She covers the world of human and animal behavior, as well as paleontology and other science topics. Stephanie has a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz. She has ducked under a glacier in Switzerland and poked hot lava with a stick in Hawaii. Stephanie hails from East Tennessee, the global center for salamander diversity. Follow Stephanie on Google+.