A monkey is a long-tailed, medium-sized member of the order of Primates. The primate order also includes macaques, baboons, guenons, capuchins, marmosets, and tamarins. Monkeys today are a member of two of the three groups of simian primates, the New World monkeys and the Old World monkeys, of which there are 264 known species. Apes and chimpanzees are not scientifically classified as monkeys, a common misconception due to their physical similarities. Some distinguishing features between New World and Old World monkeys include the tail. Most New World monkeys have prehensile tails while Old World monkeys do not. The facial features of each group of monkeys also differ substantially; however, there are a number of shared features as well. Monkeys are a very diverse family of species, ranging in size from the 5-6 inch Pygmy Marmoset, to the adult male Mandrill, which can be 3 feet tall. Some monkeys spend the majority if their lives in treetops, while others call savannas and grasslands home. Most monkeys survive of a diet of fruit, leaves, nuts, berries, eggs, insects and they occasionally hunt other smaller animals.
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Ape See, Ape Do: Chimps Learn Skills from Each Other
Sonso Chimpanzee Behavior
September 30th, 2014
Scientists may have recorded chimpanzees learning skills from each other in the wild for the first time, according to a new study.
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Wild Monkeys Learn to Puzzle Out Banana Video
Marmoset Movie Time
September 2nd, 2014
Wild marmosets that watched a video — a short flick of a marmoset opening a box to get a banana slice — are likely to copy the what they saw in the video and open the box themselves, a new study finds.
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Monkeys Recognize Family, Even if Separated at Birth (Op-Ed)
Macaque monkey, facial recognition
August 9th, 2014
Macaque monkeys grow up with their mothers and are often not familiar with their fathers. But they can recognise the paternal side of the family even without ever being introduced to them.
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Chimps Are Naturally Violent, Study Suggests
Chimp in tree
September 17th, 2014
A new, 54-year study suggests coordinated aggression is innate to chimpanzees, and is not linked to human interference.
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Chimps Reveal Their Taste in Music
June 27th, 2014
A new study that tested the musical taste of chimps found that the animals shun the steadily strong beats common in Western genres, but they're drawn to Indian ragas and traditional tunes from West Africa.
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'Dawn of the Planet of the Apes': Why Apes Can't Speak Like Humans
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes Movie Still
July 17th, 2014
In the movie "Dawn of the Planet of the Apes," a brilliant, mutant chimp named Caesar yells "Go!" at a group of humans. His deep, guttural voice startles the people, but even more surprising are his vocalizations.
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