Credit: Leipzig, 1872. Chromolithograph. National Library of Medicine.
A new science of human anatomy arose some 500 years ago, with imagery that was both informative and whimsical, surreal, beautiful and grotesque, according…Read More »
to the National Library of Medicine, whose exhibition "Dream Anatomy" reveals the amazing anatomical imagery.
Here, a cross-section from the atlas of anatomist Wilhelm Braune and artist C. Schmiedel. Less «
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The female body
Credit: Paris, 1773. Colored mezzotint. National Library of Medicine.
This colored mezzotint by author and artist Jacques Fabien Gautier D'Agoty reveals "the grotesquerie of subject matter, stiffness of the figure, and eccentric…Read More »
arrangement of body parts make for a characteristic dreaminess that eerily anticipates 20th-century modernism," the National Library of Medicine states. Less «
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Life and Death
Credit: Rome, 1691. Copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine
The association between death and anatomy continued in art anatomy, even as it waned in medical texts, as shown here. Bernardino Genga, a Roman anatomist,…Read More »
specialized in studies of classical sculptures, while Charles Errard, court painter to Louis XIV, helped found the Académie Royale de Peinture and was first Director of the Académie de France in Rome. Less «
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Credit: Image Courtesy of the Alabama Museum of the Health Sciences, The University of Alabama at Birmingham
These manikins, between 6 to 7 inches in length, were made from solid pieces of ivory some time between 1500 and 1700. The arms were carved separately…Read More »
and are moveable. The thoracic and abdominal walls can be removed, revealing the viscera. In some manikins the internal organs are carved in the original block and are not removable, while they are formed into separate pieces that can be removed. Less «
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Credit: Gottingen, 1756. Copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine.
Contemporaries praised the Swiss anatomist Albrecht von Haller for his finely detailed illustrations of finely dissected subjects. This dissection of the…Read More »
arteries of the face was copied and reprinted in numerous other works of anatomy. (Artist: C.J. Rollinus) Less «
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Credit: Rome, 1741. Copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine.
"A skeleton dances a lively step; in the background an arrangement of bones float in the air," according to the National Library of Medicine. Pietro Berrettini…Read More »
da Cortona's "exuberant flourishes take their cue from the theatricalism of baroque drama and court entertainments." Less «
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Credit: John Browne (1642-ca. 1702). National Library of Medicine
The muscles of the thigh are illustrated in this drawing reminiscent of men's breeches.
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A New World
Credit: Giulio Casserio. Frankfurt, 1656. Copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine
A frontispiece portrays five anatomists posed around a cadaver. The globe at the top of the illustration, turned toward America, reveals how the anatomists…Read More »
saw themselves: as exploring a "New World" of science. Less «
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Credit: Paolo Mascagni & Antonio Serantoni. Florence, 1833. Overprinted and hand colored copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine
Colorful images came into fashion in the 1800s, but the flap-like dissection of the muscles heralds back to older styles of anatomical art.
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Credit: John Bell. London, 1804. Etching. National Library of Medicine.
Artist John Bell decried overly idealized anatomical art, preferring the harsh realities of dissection.
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Credit: Jacques Fabien Gautier D’Agoty. Paris, 1773. Colored mezzotint. National Library of Medicine
A classic pose of French portraiture meets anatomical art in this painting of a pregnant woman from 1773.