Rome's Colosseum, site of violent gladiator battles, to get new high-tech floor

Photo of the colosseum from the stands looking toward the center
(Image credit: Getty/VSD Software Piotr Jaczewski/Contributor)

Rome's ancient Colosseum, the famous arena where gladiators and wild animals once clashed in violent combat, will soon have a new retractable floor built over its center. 

"You will be able to walk on it and go to the center of the Colosseum, seeing it in the same way as visitors used to up to the end of the 19th century," the Italian Culture Minister Dario Franceschini said at a press conference on Sunday (May 2), Reuters reported. Archaeologists removed the last arena floor in the early 19th century, in order to excavate and restore the network of secret tunnels below, and the floor was never fully replaced, The Guardian reported.

The Ministry of Culture just granted a $22.2 million (18.5 million euro) contract to the Italian engineering firm Milan Ingegneria to design the new floor, and announced that the project should be completed by 2023. The 32,300-square-foot (3,000 square meters) floor will be made of hundreds of wooden slats that can be rotated to let light and air into the chambers below, BBC News reported.

Related: See photos of the combat sports played in ancient Rome 

This network of underground tunnels and chambers, called the hypogeum, once held wild animals, slaves and criminals before their battles commenced on the floor above, according to Smithsonian Magazine. Pulleys, elevators and ramps allowed the organizers of the games to lift the gladiators and animals into different areas of the arena, surprising spectators and building suspense during the games.

Soon, the new floor will be able to shield the hypogeum from inclement weather, while also allowing the city to host cultural events at the amphitheater.

"The arena will be used for high culture, meaning concerts or theater, but no gladiator shows," archaeologist Alfonsina Russo, director of the Colosseum and the associated archaeological park, told The Times in December 2020 (opens in new tab).

"It's another step forward toward rebuilding the arena, an ambitious project that will aid the conservation of the archaeological structures while getting back to the original image of the Colosseum," Franceschini said on Sunday, according to BBC News.

Originally published on Live Science.

Nicoletta Lanese
News Editor, Health

Nicoletta Lanese is a news editor on Live Science's health desk. She first joined the publication in 2019 as a staff writer. She holds degrees in neuroscience and dance from the University of Florida and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz. Her work has appeared in The Scientist Magazine, Science News, The San Jose Mercury News and Mongabay, among other outlets.