The Izapa kingdom looks more impressive
Archaeologists have revealed a network of at least 41 satellite towns surrounding the ancient capital of Izapa in southern Mexico. A lidar surveyed showed that the small settlements all followed the same blueprint, almost like cookie-cutter suburbs.
Famed carvings of Izapa
The ancient city of Izapa was the seat of power for a kingdom that existed between 700 and 100 B.C. In this photo, archaeologist Robert Rosenswig (in the backwards hat) works on an excavation at Izapa, uncovering one of the many carved boulders found in the ancient city.
This 60-foot-high mound is located at an ancient site called Las Viudas. Rosenswig wanted to understand how this un-excavated site and others like it were related to the Izapa kingdom.
Izapa’s outlying towns
The lidar survey documented 37 settlements in Mexico and four just across the border in Guatemala that were all arranged according to a similar pattern as Izapa.
Las Viudas from above
Las Viudas was revealed to be the largest of the secondary settlements in the kingdom.
Even the smaller centers followed the same layout for their mounds and plazas, with the most prominent pyramid placed at the north end.
Aligned with nature
The north-south axis of the towns, like the small one shown here, pointed slightly east, toward the Tacaná volcano.
At some point in time, the Izapa pattern of urban design no longer applied to Izapa. The town, shown here, underwent renovations that obscured the original blueprint.