The setting sun turns the southern Baltic Sea into a mirror in a new photograph taken from the International Space Station (ISS).
Snapped by a member of the Expedition 40 crew on June 15, this picture shows Poland, Russia and Lithuania along its lower border. A string of barrier islands loops along the coast of the southern Baltic Sea. Sweden is visible as the large, protruding land mass in the center of the photograph; across the Øresund Strait — known as the Sound in English — is Denmark, visible on the left edge of the photograph. Beyond Sweden, closer to the horizon, is Norway. Moving north from the Øresund Strait, the water widens into the Kattegat Sea and Skagerrak Strait, which connect the Baltic Sea to the North Sea.
The sparkles that seem to cover Sweden are actually small lakes, according to NASA's Earth Observatory, which released this photo today (July 22). The astronaut who snapped the picture was looking backwards along the ISS's orbital path at sunset, and captured the scene using a Nikon D35 digital camera with an 80 millimeter lens. The angle of the sun causes the reflective effect on the water.
Digital cameras have been a standard piece of equipment aboard the ISS since 1995, according to NASA. Earth portraits date back even longer — astronauts have been snapping shots of the planet with handheld cameras since the early 1960s.
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