Archaeologists have unearthed graves with hundreds of skeletons at the ancient Egyptian city of Amarna
Around 1350 B.C., the Pharaoh Akhenaten relocated his capital to a new location 218 miles (350 kilometers) south of modern-day Cairo.
Sun god cult
Akhenaten, pictured here as a sphinx, hoped to build a cult of worship to the sun god Aten in an undeveloped site that was uncontaminated by worship of other gods.
The city was constructed rapidly, and at its peak, 20,000 to 30,000 builders, soldiers, court officials, and servants lived there.
Surveyors in the desert near Amarna uncovered a massive cemetery about a decade ago. Unlike most Egyptian tombs unearthed in the past, this site held the bones of lower-class Egyptians.
The burial revealed several artifacts, like this pendant in the shape of the god Bes, a protector of women and children.
The archaeologists also found three hippopotamus amulets in the burial of a woman and child. These grave goods may have been worn during life, but also carried with the owners into the afterlife.
The team also unearthed a bead in the shape of the goddess Wedjat's eye. The eye is a symbol of wholeness and protection.
Belying the stele depicting scenes of plenty and ease, the bones showed signs of malnutrition, fractures, and joint degeneration from heavy lifting.
One possibility is that the overnight construction of Akhenaten's capital took an especially hard toll on its everyday citizens.
The limestone bricks that make up buildings in the area weighed about 154 pounds (70 kilograms), and the construction workers would have repeatedly lifted those loads. Here, the team unearths ancient hieroglyphics.