Beauty of a Tube Worm
Lamellibrachia barhami, a species of tubeworm that lives at both hydrothermal vents and methane seeps. This ‘foundation’ species forms giant bushes and massive meadows at Jaco Scar on the Costa Rica Margin.
Tube Worm Bush
Mussels and tube worms cluster together in enormous bushes around the Costa Rica margin 'hydrothermal seep.' Researchers estimate that more than 14,000 tube worms make up this enormous bush.
Meadows of Tube Worms
At the methane-rich hydrothermal site, tube worms dominate the landscape.
Living Sea Floor
Dense beds of crabs crawl with snails and galatheid crabs.
Brittle stars, snails and clams as seen from the submersible vehicle Alvin at the vent site.
A sabellid worm found at the hydrothermal seep area.
Archinome, another wild marine worm found at the Costa Rica margin site.
A Handful of Tube Worms
The remote arm of the submersible Alvin grasps a sample of tube worms for analysis.
Shy Fish Among Worms
A zoarcid fish peeks out from the safety of a tube worm bush.
Giant Tube Worm Cluster
An enormous cluster of tube worms at the Costa Rica margin vent/seep area.
A hermit crab in a symbiotic relationship with an anemone. The crab uses the anemone as a shell, protecting the bright red crab eggs visible tucked into the anemone.
Live Science newsletter
Stay up to date on the latest science news by signing up for our Essentials newsletter.
Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, covering topics ranging from geoscience to archaeology to the human brain and behavior. She was previously a senior writer for Live Science but is now a freelancer based in Denver, Colorado, and regularly contributes to Scientific American and The Monitor, the monthly magazine of the American Psychological Association. Stephanie received a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.