Mount Etna is a series of nested stratovolcanoes with four distinct summit craters. There are two central craters, called Bocca Nuova and Voragine; the Northeast crater; and the Southeast crater, which was formed by an eruption in 1978.
Strombolian eruptions, which produce ash, tephra and lava fountains, are fairly common in Mount Etna's craters.
The first recorded observation of an eruption at Mount Etna was written by Diodorus Siculus in 425 B.C.
Mount Etna has almost continuous eruptive activity near the summit craters and in the Valle del Bove, but these vertical eruptions pose little threat to nearby towns on the east coast of Sicily.
Though the volcano's many eruptions can sometimes be dangerous, locals call Mount Etna "Mongibello," which means "the beautiful mountain."