An endangered black rhinoceros named Eliska is at home in Africa after a 31-hour flight from the Czech Republic in a custom-painted airplane.
Eliska was born at the Dvur Kralove Zoo in the Czech Republic, an institution known for its rhino conservation program. Until recently, the zoo was home to one of the last five remaining northern white rhinos left on Earth; today only three are left at a conservancy in Kenya.
Black rhinos are in less dire straits than the northern white subspecies, but they are still critically endangered, with just over 5,000 surviving in the wild. They are threatened by poaching for their horns as well as by habitat loss, according to the World Wildlife Fund.
Captive breeding is one tool in the fight to save black rhinoceroses. Zoo Dvur Kralove has a herd of 15 black rhinos. On June 9th, one gave birth, raising the count of black rhino calves born at the zoo to 42. Two other females are pregnant, according to a zoo spokesperson. Eliska herself was born at the zoo in 2012.
Eliska is the fourth black rhino transported from Dvur Kralove to Tanzania for breeding. She made the voyage Sunday (June 26) in a specially designed rhinoceros transport crate, which flew aboard a plane emblazoned with her name at the logo of the George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust, which helps fund the Mkomazi National Park, Eliska's new home. The park is fenced and patrolled to protect against poachers.
"We are well aware that rhino populations in Africa are under immense pressure," Premysl Rabas, the director of Dvur Kralove, said in a statement. "However, the Mkomazi National Park has achieved great results in rhino conservation and it is our conviction that Mkomazi is the best place for creating a new viable rhino population in Tanzania. In view of our breeding record, it is our moral obligation to help to save rhinos and restore their numbers in the wild."
Eliska is particularly important to conservation efforts because she is an eastern black rhino, the most threatened subspecies. There are only about 800 eastern black rhinos left. (The West African black rhino went extinct in 2011. The other two remaining black rhino subspecies are the southern-central black rhino and the south-western black rhino.)
After Eliska landed in Kilimanjaro, she was accompanied by a police escort to Mkomazi, according to Zoo Dvur Kralove. She was under the care of a veterinarian during the journey and had no problems, according to the zoo. Once safely in her new Tanzanian enclosure, the young rhino enjoyed a meal of hay and carrots.