In Photos: The Controversial 'Tomb of Herod'

Major discovery

herodium fortress in israel

(Image credit: makarenko7 | Shutterstock.com)

In 2007, archaeologist Ehud Netzer announced that he had discovered Herod's Tomb. But in October 2013, archaeologists said the tomb may not have been Herod's after all.

Master Planner

a model reconstruction of the second temple

(Image credit: Flik47 | Shutterstock.com)

Herod was a King who ruled Judea for the Romans until about 4 B.C. During his reign, he oversaw several majestic building projects, including completely rebuilding the Second Temple (shown here as a model). The team argues that such a master planner and builder would never have constructed such a modest and poorly-designed tomb.

Herodium schematic

herodium complex schematic map

(Image credit: Benjamin Arubas)

A pool and garden (1) beautified the lower portion of the complex, while a fortified stronghold (2) was built at the top of the mound. The tomb (3) was in the middle of the two. A monumental staircase (4) led up to the palace and a lower palace (5) was located below.

Modest tomb

tomb thought to be herod's

(Image credit: Joseph Patrich)

Archaeologists Joseph Patrich and Benjamin Arubas say the compound was too modest and awkwardly designed to be the tomb of such a man as Herod. For one, the compound is small, and for another, the coffins themselves are made out of local stone, not the marble or gold that would have been expected.

Awkward view

herod's tomb schematic

(Image credit: Benjamin Arubas)

In addition, the tomb was not fully visible from the monumental staircase, and it had no proper courtyard and gateway for mourners to pay their respects This was odd for a man with lavish tastes. It was also strange because Herod was so worried no one would mourn his death he gave an order for prominent men to be brought to his burial and killed in order that they would display real grief (the order was not carried out).

Massive complex

herodium in israel

(Image credit: Joseph Patrich)

The tomb was part of a massive complex called the Herodium, that King Herod built and was buried in.